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Sawda bt. Zam'a

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Sawda bt. Zam'a
Wife of the Prophet (s)
Place of Birth Mecca
Places of Residence Mecca, Medina
Burial Place Baqi' cemetery, Medina
Era Early Islam
Known for Wife of the Prophet (s)
Activities Migration to Abyssinia and Medina
Wives of the Prophet (s)

Name

Khadija

Sawda

Aisha

Hafsa

Zaynab (bt. Khuzayma)

Umm Salama

Zaynab (bt. Jahsh)

Juwayriyya

Umm Habiba

Mariya

Safiyya

Maymuna

Date of Marriage

(27 BH/595)

(before Hijra/before 622)

(1,2, or 4/622, 623, or 625)

(3/624)

(3/624)

(4/625)

(5/626)

(5 or 6/626 or 627)

(6 or 7/627 or 628)

(7/628)

(7/628)

(7/628)

Sawda bt. Zamʿa b. Qays (Arabic:سودة بنت زمعة بن قیس) was one of the Prophet's wives who married to the Prophet (s) after Khadija and before Aisha. She was present in the Battle of Khaybar and has narrated some hadiths form the Prophet (s).

Biography

Her mother was Shumus bt. Qays b. Zayd b. 'Uday b. al-Najjar al-Ansari. After that she embraced Islam and pledged allegiance to the Prophet (s), her husband, Sakran b. 'Umar -who was her cousin- converted to Islam as well. They were among those who immigrated to Abyssinia. After the death of Sakran, the Prophet (s) married Sawda. Her marriage to him was before the marriage of Aisha.

Sawda along with some other Muslims emigrated to Medina and joined the Prophet (s) in the middle of the way.

Ibn Sa'd writes: "The Apostle of God gave Sawda eighty wasaqs (wasaq is a unit for measuring weight; around 180 kg) of date and twenty wasaqs of barley in [the Conquest of] Khaybar." This report shows that she was present in the Conquest of Khaybar.

After the demise of Zaynab, the Prophet's daughter, Sawda with the help of some other women washed her body for Ghusl al-Mayyit.

Characteristics

Ibn Sa'd narrated form Ibn Sirin: "The Apostle of God (s) took all his wives to Hajjat al-Wida' (farewell pilgrimage) and they performed hajj after him. But Sawda did not go to Hajj. Citing the 33th verse of Sura Al-Ahzab[Note 1] she said, "My hajj is not leaving this house" and she did not come out of the house that the Prophet (s) had decided for her.

Narration

Al-Shaykh al-Tusi, Ahmad b. Hanbal, Ibn 'Abd al-Barr, Ibn Manda, Abu Nu'aym, Ibn Athir, and others have counted her among the Companions and narrators of the Prophet (s). Muqaddas Ardabili and Mirza Astar Abadi mentioned her name among the narrators. Mamaqani says, "I regard her as hasan (a type of narrators) and rely on her narrations."

Narrators from Sawda

Sawda has narrated hadiths from the Prophet (s) and 'Abd Allah b. al-'Abbas and Yahya b. 'Abd Allah b. 'Abd al-Rahman have narrated hadiths from her. Al-Tabarani has narrated 13 hadiths from Sawda, some of which are similar to each other. Al-Bukhari, Abu Dawud, and al-Nasa'i have narrated her hadiths in their books.

Sawda and Imam Ali (a)

During the rule of Imam Ali (a) the wives of the Prophet (s) divided into two groups. Apparently she was on the side of Aisha and so supported her.

Demise

Ibn 'Abd al-Barr and Ibn Athir write: "Sawda passed away in the late of caliphate of 'Umar [late of 22 or early of 23/late 643] in Medina." Ibn Sa'd narrates from 'Abd Allah b. Muslim: "Sawda passed away in Shawwal, 54/September, 674, during the Caliphate of Mu'awiya, in Medina and was buried in al-Baqi'." Ibn Hajar says, "Ibn Abi Khuthayma said that she passed away during the caliphate of 'Umar." Al-Waqidi and al-Zarkili believed that she passed away in 54.

Notes

  1. ...وَقَرنَ في بُيوتِكُنَّ: Stay in your houses... (Quran 33:33)