Sawda bt. Zam'a
|Sawda bt. Zam'a|
Wife of the Prophet (s)
|Place of Birth||Mecca|
|Places of Residence||Mecca, Medina|
|Burial Place||Baqi' cemetery, Medina|
|Known for||Wife of the Prophet (s)|
|Activities||Migration to Abyssinia and Medina|
Date of Marriage
(before Hijra/before 622)
Sawda bt. Zamʿa b. Qays (Arabic:سودة بنت زمعة بن قیس) was one of the Prophet's wives who married to the Prophet (s) after Khadija and before Aisha. She was present in the Battle of Khaybar and has narrated some hadiths form the Prophet (s).
Her mother was Shumus bt. Qays b. Zayd b. 'Uday b. al-Najjar al-Ansari. After that she embraced Islam and pledged allegiance to the Prophet (s), her husband, Sakran b. 'Umar -who was her cousin- converted to Islam as well. They were among those who immigrated to Abyssinia. After the death of Sakran, the Prophet (s) married Sawda. Her marriage to him was before the marriage of Aisha.
Ibn Sa'd writes: "The Apostle of God gave Sawda eighty wasaqs (wasaq is a unit for measuring weight; around 180 kg) of date and twenty wasaqs of barley in [the Conquest of] Khaybar." This report shows that she was present in the Conquest of Khaybar.
Ibn Sa'd narrated form Ibn Sirin: "The Apostle of God (s) took all his wives to Hajjat al-Wida' (farewell pilgrimage) and they performed hajj after him. But Sawda did not go to Hajj. Citing the 33th verse of Sura Al-Ahzab[Note 1] she said, "My hajj is not leaving this house" and she did not come out of the house that the Prophet (s) had decided for her.
Al-Shaykh al-Tusi, Ahmad b. Hanbal, Ibn 'Abd al-Barr, Ibn Manda, Abu Nu'aym, Ibn Athir, and others have counted her among the Companions and narrators of the Prophet (s). Muqaddas Ardabili and Mirza Astar Abadi mentioned her name among the narrators. Mamaqani says, "I regard her as hasan (a type of narrators) and rely on her narrations."
Narrators from Sawda
Sawda has narrated hadiths from the Prophet (s) and 'Abd Allah b. al-'Abbas and Yahya b. 'Abd Allah b. 'Abd al-Rahman have narrated hadiths from her. Al-Tabarani has narrated 13 hadiths from Sawda, some of which are similar to each other. Al-Bukhari, Abu Dawud, and al-Nasa'i have narrated her hadiths in their books.
Sawda and Imam Ali (a)
Ibn 'Abd al-Barr and Ibn Athir write: "Sawda passed away in the late of caliphate of 'Umar [late of 22 or early of 23/late 643] in Medina." Ibn Sa'd narrates from 'Abd Allah b. Muslim: "Sawda passed away in Shawwal, 54/September, 674, during the Caliphate of Mu'awiya, in Medina and was buried in al-Baqi'." Ibn Hajar says, "Ibn Abi Khuthayma said that she passed away during the caliphate of 'Umar." Al-Waqidi and al-Zarkili believed that she passed away in 54.
- ...وَقَرنَ في بُيوتِكُنَّ: Stay in your houses... (Quran 33:33)