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Sabika

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Sabika
Mother of Imam al-Jawad (a)
Teknonym Umm al-Hasan
Well-known Relatives Imam al-Rida (a) (spouse), Mariya al-Qibtiyya
Place of Residence Medina
Era 'Abbasid Dynasty

Sabīka (Arabic:سَبيکَة) was the mother of Imam al-Jawad (a) who, according to reports, was a maidservant[1] descending from Mariya al-Qibtiyya.[2] She was also mentioned with the names "Durra", "Khayzuran", "Rayhana"[3] and "Sukayna".[4] The name of "Khayzuran" was chosen for her by Imam al-Rida (a).[5] Al-Shaykh al-Saduq has mentioned the name "Khayzuran".[6] Her kunya was Umm al-Hasan. [7]

Sabika is considered to have been from Murrisa (a village in Egypt), Qibti (from Egypt) or Mursi (a green town in Morocco).[8]

When Sabika was about to give birth to Imam al-Jawad (a), Imam al-Rida (a) sent his sister Hakima to help the midwife.[9] In a narration from the Prophet (s) mentioned her a clean-mouthed maidservant whose womb is chosen by God to bear an Imam (a).[10] Al-Mas'udi has praised her in Ithbat al-wasiyya as well.[11]

Notes

  1. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 50, p. 1.
  2. Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 2, p. 664.
  3. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 50, p. 7.
  4. ʿĀshūr, Mawsūʿat Ahl al-Bayt, vol. 16, p. 14.
  5. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 50, p. 7; Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 2, p. 32.
  6. ʿĀshūr, Mawsūʿat Ahl al-Bayt, vol. 16, p. 14.
  7. Ibn Shahrāshūb, Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālīb, vol. 4, p. 379.
  8. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 50, p. 7.
  9. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 50, p. 10.
  10. Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 1, p. 323.
  11. Masʿūdī, Ithbāt al-waṣīyya, p. 216.

References

  • Amīn, Sayyid Muḥsin al-. Aʿyān al-Shīʿa. Beirut: Dār al-Taʿāruf, 1421 AH.
  • ʿĀshūr, ʿAlī. Mawsūʿat Ahl al-Bayt. Beirut: Dār Naẓīr ʿAbūd, [n.d].
  • Ibn Shahrāshūb, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī. Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālib. Qom: ʿAllāma, 1379 AH.
  • Kulaynī, Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb al-. Al-Kāfī. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmīyya, 1407 AH.
  • Majlisī, Muḥammad Bāqir al-. Biḥār al-anwār. Second edition. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, 1403 AH.
  • Masʿūdī, ʿAlī b. al-Ḥusayn al-. Murūj al-dhahab wa maʿadin al-jawhar. Qom: Anṣārīyān, 1384 Sh.