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Sabika

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Sabika
Mother of Imam al-Jawad (a)
Kunya Umm al-Hasan
Well-known Relatives Imam al-Rida (a) (spouse), Mariya Qibtiyya
Place of Residence Medina
Era 'Abbasid Dynasty

Sabīka (Arabic:سَبيکَة) was the mother of Imam al-Jawad (a) who, according to reports, was a maidservant descending from Mariya Qibtiyya. She was also mentioned with the names Durra, Khayzuran, Rayhana and Sukayna. The name of Khayzaran was chosen for her by Imam al-Rida (a). Al-Shaykh al-Saduq has mentioned the name Khayzaran for the mother of Imam al-Jawad (a) in a part of the narration regarding the conversation of Jabir with Imam al-Baqir (a) upon his deathbed and also what Jabir saw in Sahifa of Lady Fatima (a). Her kunya was Umm al-Hasan.

Sabika is considered to have been from Murrisa (a village in Egypt), Qibti (from Egypt) or Mursi (a green town in Morocco).

When Sabika was about to give birth to Imam al-Jawad (a), Imam al-Rida (a) sent his sister Hakima to help the midwife. In a narration from the Prophet (s) mentioned her a clean-mouthed maidservant whose womb is chosen by God to bear an Imam (a). Al-Mas'udi has praised her in Ithbat al-wasiyya as well.

References

  • The material for this article is mainly taken from سبیکه in Farsi WikiShia.