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Muhammad 'Ali al-'Amri

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محمد علی عمری.jpg
Personal Information
Religious Affiliation Twelver Shi'a
Lineage Khazraj
Birth 1327/1909
Place of Birth Medina
Residence Medina, Najaf, Qom, Mashhad
Studied in Najaf, Qom, Mashhad
Death 1432/2011
Burial Place Baqi' cemetery, Medina
Scholarly Information
Professors Sayyid Abu l-Hasan Isfahani, Diya' al-Din 'Iraqi, ...
Scholarly
Activities
Building Masjid, seminary and Husayniyya
Socio-Political Activities
Socio-Political
Activities
The leader of Shiite in Arabia

Muḥammad ʿAlī al-ʿAmrī (Arabic: محمد علي العمري, b. 1327/1909, d. 1432/2011) was a Shiite religious scholar from Medina. He was one of the leaders of Shiites in Saudi Arabia, especially Nakhawila. It is said his lineage goes back to 'Uthman b. Sa'id al-'Amri, a special deputy of Imam al-Mahdi (a). His religious and social influence extended as far as Jeddah and Mecca. Al-'Amri acted as an intermediary representative between the Al Saud government and Shiite community in Medina. He was imprisoned a couple of times and he was also sentenced to execution which he survived. Al-'Amri was the marja' of Shiite Muslims in Saudi Arabia.

Lineage

Muhammad 'Ali al-'Amri was born in 1327/1909 in Medina. It is said his lineage goes back to 'Uthman b. Sa'id al-'Amri, a special deputy of Imam al-Mahdi (a), his son Muhammad b. 'Uthman al-'Amri and eventually it goes back to Khazraj tribe, one of the two main tribes in Medina. Ancestors of Shaykh al-'Amri used to work on farms as well as engaging in religious and scientific activities. That is why his family was called Nakhawila or al-Nakhilayn (those who produce date fruit).

Education

At the age of 15 or 16, al-'Amri traveled to Najaf where he learnt in Seminary of Najaf. He learnt the preliminary and intermediate levels and then he started learning the advanced level. Al-'Amri also learnt in Seminary of Qom and Seminary of Mashhad for a short time where he studied under the religious scholars.

Teachers

A number of his teachers were:

Return to Medina

In 1370/1951, when Ayatollah al-Sayyid Muhsin al-Hakim became the marja', he ordered al-'Amri to return to Medina and he acted as the leader of Shiites in Medina. He was also the representative of a number of Marja's in that time including:

Activities

Shaykh al-'Amri has made efforts for Shiite communities including building mosque, Husayniyya and reviving Islamic and Shiite rituals and ceremonies. Husayniyya of Shiites is the most famous site in Nakhawila region which is built in the middle of a farm known as the farm of Shaykh al-'Amri. He also founded a seminary in Medina where religious lessons from preliminary to advanced levels are taught. A mosque and the office of al-'Amri are located in his farm; Shiite adhan is recited in that mosque as well. Al-'Amri has built a lodging house called Madif al-Imam al-Hasan (a) which accommodates pilgrims in religious ceremonies.

Prison and Execution

Shaykh al-'Amri was imprisoned for 45 years by Saudi government and he was freed some years after the Islamic Revolution of Iran. Al-'Amri was sentenced to capital punishment by the government several times, but he was not executed each time for different reasons. The last time everything was prepared for the execution and it was carried out, but surprisingly he survived it. Al-'Amri spoke about the incident: "Everything was ready for the execution. After months of imprisonment the day had come. I was brought up the gibbet surrounded by thousands of Shiite Muslims and government officials. I made tawassul (entreaty) to Lady Fatima (a), but when I was hanged the rope was torn after thirty seconds and I survived. I became conscious after 35 days and I realized that I had survived the execution".

Demise

Funeral of al-'Amri toward al-Baqi' cemetery in Safar 23, 1432/January 29,2011

Al-Shaykh Muhammad 'Ali al-'Amri passed away in Safar 20, 1432/January 26, 2011 and he was buried in Baqi' Cemetery. Representatives of Ayatollah Khamene'i attended the funeral ceremony. Also a large number of Marja's issued statements on his demise.

References