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Quba Mosque

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Quba Mosque in Medina

Qubāʾ Mosque (Arabic:مسجد قباء) was the first mosque which was built by Prophet Muhammad (s). This mosque was mentioned in Sura al-Tawba (verses 108-109).

Location

Quba mosque was built six kilometer off Medina in village of Quba, which is currently part of Medina. The name of the mosque is taken from the village which was named after a famous well called Quba.

Entrance of The Prophet (s) and Building a Mosque

Before staying in Medina in the first year after Hijra, the Prophet Muhammad (s) accepted requests of people of Quba and ordered to build a mosque there. The Prophet (s) entered this village on twelfth or fourteenth of Rabi' I, he stayed in Quba and helped Muslims to build the mosque in a week. In some sources it is mentioned that 'Ammar b. Yasir proposed the idea of building a mosque in Quba; while some other sources stated that 'Ammar played the main role in building Quba mosque which made him the first Muslim who built a mosque.

Features

The Prophet (s) said: "If a person perform wudu (ablution) in his house and say prayers in Quba mosque, the rewards of performing Hajj will be given to him."

Prophet Muhammad (s) always mentioned the significance of Quba mosque. It is mentioned in a narration that after staying in Medina, Prophet Muhammad (s) visited Quba mosque every week on Saturdays in order to say prayers.

Rebuilding

Inside the Mosque

Quba mosque was rebuilt and developed in the time of caliphate of Uthman b. Affan. The second vast rebuilding took place in the time of 'Umar b. Abd al-'Aziz and it remained unchanged so far.

In 555/1160, Jamal al-Din Isfahani, the minister of Mosul ordered to rebuild Quba mosque. It was also rebuilt and repaired in the eighth and ninth centuries A.H. Quba mosque was later developed in the time of Ottomans and Saudi government. Nowadays it has several sections with domes built on their roofs.

Quba Mosque in the Qur'an

According to large number of interpreters of Quran, the mosque mentioned in 108th verse of sura Al-Tawba is a reference to Quba mosque:

"لَا تَقُمْ فِيهِ أَبَدًا ۚ لَّمَسْجِدٌ أُسِّسَ عَلَى التَّقْوَىٰ مِنْ أَوَّلِ يَوْمٍ أَحَقُّ أَن تَقُومَ فِيهِ ۚ فِيهِ رِجَالٌ يُحِبُّونَ أَن يَتَطَهَّرُوا ۚ وَاللَّـهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُطَّهِّرِينَ"

"Never stand thou forth therein. There is a mosque whose foundation was laid from the first day on piety; it is more worthy of thy standing forth (for prayer) therein. In it are men who love to e purified; and Allah love those who make themselves pure."

The 108th verse of sura Al-Tawba expresses two features for Quba mosque: First Quba mosque is more worthy to say prayer there, and second there are men in this mosque who love to purify themselves.

References

  • The material for this article is mainly taken from مسجد قبا in Farsi Wikishia.