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Umm Kulthum Daughter of Prophet Muhammad (s)

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Umm Kulthūm bt. Muḥammad (s) (Arabic:اُمّ کُلثُوم بنت محمد) (d. Sha'ban 9/630) was the third daughter of the Holy Prophet (s) and Lady Khadija (a). She married 'Utayba b. Abu Lahab before Bi'tha and when the Sura al-Masad was revealed cursing Abu Lahab and his wife, 'Utayba divorced her by the order of his father. After the battle of Badr, Umm Kulthum married to 'Uthman. She passed away in 9/630 and was buried in Baqi' cemetery.

Some Shia researchers including al-Sayyid Ja'far Murtada al-'Amili have considered Umm Kulthum, Zaynab and Ruqayya step daughters of the Prophet (s), not his children.

Before Bi'tha

Umm Kulthum has been mentioned as the second or the third daughter of the Prophet (s) and lady Khadija (a). Before Bi'tha, she married to 'Utayba b. Abu Lahab. When the Sura al-Masad was revealed and cursed Abu Lahab and his wife, 'Utayba divorced Umm Kulthum following the request of the chiefs of Quraysh including his father and married the daughter of Sa'id b. 'As.

Marriage with 'Uthman

Umm Kulthum emigrated to Medina with her father, the Prophet (s). When her elder sister, Ruqayya passed away, Umm Kulthum married to 'Uthman. Their marriage took place in Rabi' I 3/624 after the battle of Badr. 'Uthman had no children of her.

Some Shia researchers including al-Sayyid Ja'far Murtada al-'Amili have considered Umm Kulthum, Zaynab and Ruqayya step daughters of the Prophet (s), not his children.

Demise

Umm Kulthum passed away in Sha'ban 9/630 and the Prophet (s) prayed upon her body. Asma' bt. 'Umays and Safiyya bt. 'Abd al-Muttalib performed her ghusl and Imam Ali (a), Fadl, Usama b. Zayd and Abu Talha al-Ansari put her into the grave and buried her. Umm 'Atiyya al-Ansari was also witness to her ghusl. However according to Ibn Athir, Umm 'Atiyya performed her ghusl.

Grave

The tomb attributed to the burial place of the daughters of the Prophet (s), Ruqayya, Umm Kulthum and Zaynab in Baqi' cemetery was among the tombs located north of the graves of Imams (a) and south-west of the graves of the wives of the Prophet (s), near the grave of 'Uthman b. Maz'un.

Different sources report the burial of Ruqayya and Zaynab in Baqi' cemetery near the grave of 'Uthman b. Maz'un, following the advice of the Prophet (s). However, there is no report about the burial location of Umm Kulthum. Only later writers including Farhad Mirza and Raf'at Pasha have mentioned that Umm Kulthum is buried beside other daughters of the Prophet (s) and have also referred to the tomb built over their graves. In the past, there was a brazen darih over their graves. Wahhabis destroyed this tomb.

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