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'Abd al-Rahman b. 'Abd Rabb al-Ansari al-Khazraji

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Companion of Imam (a)
'Abd al-Rahman b. 'Abd Rabb al-Ansari al-Khazraji
آرامگاه شهدای کربلا2.jpg
Companion of The Prophet (s), Imam Ali (a)
Religious Affiliation Shi'a
Lineage Khazraj
Death/Martyrdom 61
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
Martyred in the Battle of Karbala
Burial Place Holy Shrine of Imam al-Husayn (a), Karbala
Activities Transmitter of Hadith al-Ghadir

ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. ʿAbd Rabb al-Ansāri al-Khazraji (Arabic: عبد الرحمن بن عبد رب الأنصاري الخزرجي) was among the companions of the Prophet (s) and Imam Ali (a) and among the martyrs of Karbala. He was present in the Event of Ghadir and was among transmitters of the Hadith al-Ghadir. On the day of al-Ruhba, he was among those who gave testimony about the Event of Ghadir and the Prophet's (s) word about wilaya of Imam Ali (a) in front of people.

Presence in the Event of Ghadir

'Abd al-Rahman was among those who remembered the Prophet (s). He was present in the Event of Ghadir and was among transmitters of the Hadith al-Ghadir.[1] It is narrated that Imam Ali (a) taught him the Qur'an.[2]

On the day of al-Ruhba, Imam Ali (a) asked those of the Companions who had witnessed the day of Ghadir to stand up and testify his succession of the Prophet (s). Thus, when some people such as Abu Ayyub al-Ansari, Abu 'Umra b. 'Amr b. Muhsin, Abu Zaynab, Sahl b. Hunayf, Khuzayma b. Thabit, Hubshi b. Junada al-Saluli, 'Ubayd b. 'Adhib, Luqman b. 'Ijlan al-Ansari, Thabit b. Wadi'a al-Ansari, Abu Fadala al-Ansari and 'Abd al-Rahman b. 'Abd Rabb al-Ansari stood up and said that: "we testify that we heard that the Prophet (s) said, Beware that God, the Almighty and Glorious is my master and I am the master of believers; beware that whoever I am his master, Ali (a) is his master."[3]

Battle of Karbala

'Abd al-Rahman entered the caravan of Imam al-Husayn (a) from Mecca.[4] It is narrated that on the day of Tasu'a, Burayr b. Khudayr was joking with 'Abd al-Rahman. 'Abd al-Rahman told him: "It is not the time of joking now." Burayr answered: "O brother! My relatives know that when I was young, I was not a man of joking, lest I be so in my old ages. But, I know what we meet soon. By God I swear, the distance between us and the big-eyed houris is the attack of these people with their swords, and how much I love it to be now."[5]

According to some historians, he was martyred during the first attack of the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd.[6]

Notes

  1. Baḥrānī, ʿAwālim al-ʿumūm, p. 308.
  2. Samāwī, Ibṣār al-ʿayn, p. 158.
  3. Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, al-Iṣāba, vol. 4, p. 276-277; Amīnī, al-Ghadīr, vol. 1, p. 340.
  4. Samāwī, Ibṣār al-ʿayn, p. 158.
  5. Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk, vol. 5, p. 423.
  6. Samāwī, Ibṣār al-ʿayn, p. 158.

References

  • Amīnī, ʿAbd al-Ḥusayn al-. Al-Ghadīr fī l-kitāb wa l-sunnat wa l-adab. Qom: Markaz al-Ghadīr li-l-Dirāsāt al-Islāmīyya, 1416 AH.
  • Baḥrānī, ʿAbd Allāh al-. ʿAwālim al-ʿumūm wa l-maʿārif. Second edition. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Imām al-Mahdī, 1382 Sh.
  • Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī. Al-Iṣāba fī tammyīz al-ṣaḥāba. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmīyya, 1415 AH.
  • Samāwī, Muḥammad al-. Ibṣār al-ʿayn fī anṣār al-Ḥusayn (a). Qom: Dānishgāh-i Shahīd Maḥallātī, 1419 AH.
  • Ṭabarī, Muḥammad b. Jarīr al-. Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk. Second edition. Beirut: Dār al-Turāth, 1387 AH.