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'Abd Allah b. 'Abd al-Asad

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Sahaba
'Abd Allah b. 'Abd al-Asad
Personal Information
Full Name ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿAbd al-Asad b. Hilāl
Kunya Abū Salama
Well-Known Relatives Umm Salama
Muhajir/Ansar Muhajir
Place(s) of Residence Mecca, Medina
Death/Martyrdom 4/625
Cause of Death/Martyrdom He was wounded in the Battle of Uhud and later passed away from his wound
Burial Place Medina
Religious Information
Presence at Ghazwas Badr and Uhud
Migration to Abyssinia (Ethiopia) and Medina

Abū Salama, ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿAbd al-Asad b. Hilāl (Arabic: اَبوسَلَمة، عبدالله بن عبدالاسد بن هلال), (d. 4/625) was a companion and a foster brother (brother from rida') of the Prophet (s) and was among Muhajirun (the emigrants) who emigrated to Abyssinia (Ethiopia) and Medina. He was one of the first people converted to Islam and participated in the battles of Badr and Uhud. He was wounded in the Battle of Uhud and later passed away from his wound.

Prophet's Foster Brother

His mother was Barra, daughter of 'Abd al-Muttalib, so he was the Prophet's (s) cousin. He was breastfed by Thuwayba, who wet nursed the Prophet (s) before Halima, the Prophet's (s) wet nurse. Therefore, he is counted as the Prophet's (s) foster brother.[1]

Emigrations

Emigration to Abyssinia

He was among the first people who converted to Islam.[2] He and his wife along with a few others were first Muslims to emigrate to Abyssinia[3]. When he heard that the people of Mecca had converted to Islam, he and other emigrants returned to Mecca; but when they realized that the news was fabricated, he entered Mecca under the protection of his uncle, Abu Talib.[4]

Emigration to Medina

Likewise, Abu Salama was among the first Muslims who emigrated to Medina. The Prophet (s) appointed him as his successor in Medina, while he had left for the Battle of Dhu l-'Ashira.[5]

Participation in Battles

He participated in the Battle of Badr[6] and wounded in the battle of Uhud. After a while, he accompanied the Prophet (s) to Hamra' al-Asad for battle[7]. After he returned to Medina, he treated his wound for a month. In early Muharram of 3 A.H /624, following the prophet's order, he commanded 150 Muslims in the fight with Banu Asad.[8]

Demise

After the fight with Banu Asad, in his way back to Medina, his old wound relapsed. Eventually, he passed away suffering the wound and was buried in Medina.[9]

Presence of the Prophet (s) at His Bedside

The Prophet (s) was present at his deathbed and closed Abu Salama's eyes after he passed away.[10]

Although some companions, like Abu Bakr and 'Umar, had asked his wife, Umm Salama, for marriage, she married the Prophet (s) in late Shawwal, 4/(early April, 626).[11]

Son

'Umar was one of Abu Salama's sons, who participated in Imam 'Ali's (s) army in the Battle of Jamal and was appointed by him as the governor of Bahrain[12] and later of Fars or allegedly of Halwan, Mah and Masbadhan.[13]

See also

Notes

  1. Ibn Sa'd, Vol.1, P.108
  2. Ibn Sa'd, Vol.3, P.239; Ibn Ishaq, P.143
  3. Ibn Ishaq, P.176; Ibn Sa'd, Vol.1, P.204
  4. Ibn Hisham, Vol.2, P.5
  5. Al-Waqidi, Vo.1, P.7; Ibn Hisham, Vol.2, P.248
  6. Ibn Hisham, Vol.2, P.339
  7. Al-Waqidi, Vol.1, PP.340-1
  8. Al-Waqidi, Vol.1, PP.340-1
  9. Ibn Sa'd, Vol.3, P.240
  10. Ibn Sa'd, Vol.3, P.241
  11. Al-Waqidi, Vol.1, P.334
  12. Ibn Qutayba, P.136
  13. Al-Baladhuri, Vol.1, P.430

References

  • The material for this article is mainly taken from عبدالله بن عبدالاسد in Farsi Wikishia.
  • Baladhuri, Ahmad b. Yahya al-. 1959. Ansab al-ashraf Ed. Muhammad Hamid Allah. Cairo.
  • Ibn Hisham. 1375 AH / 1955. Al-Sira al-Nabawiyya Ed. Mutafa Saqqa and et al. Cairo.
  • Ibn Ishaq. 1398 AH. Al-Siya wa al-maghazi. Beirut.
  • Ibn Qutayba, 'Abd Allah b. Muslim. 1960. Al-Ma'arif, Ed. Thirwat 'Akasha. Cairo.
  • Ibn Sa'd, Muhammad. n.d. Al-Tabaqat al-kubra. Beirut: Dar Sadir.
  • Waqidi, Muhammad b. 'Umar al-. 1966. Al-Maqazi Ed. Marsden Jones. London.