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Sayyidat Nisa' al-'Alamin

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Fatima bt. Muhammad
Sayyidat Nisa' al-'Alamin
Born c. (604-07-27)27 July 604 CE
(Jumada II 20, 18 BH)
Birthplace Mecca, Arabia
Died c. 29 August 632(632-08-29) (aged 28)
(Jumada II 3, 11 AH)
Deathplace Medina, Arabia
Place of Burial Medina, Arabia (The grave is hidden)
Father Muhammad b. 'Abd Allah
Mother Khadija bt. Khuwaylid
Brother(s) Al-Qasim, 'Abd Allah
Spouse(s) 'Ali b. Abi Talib
Son(s) al-Hasan, al-Husayn, al-Muhsin
Daughter(s) Zaynab, Umm Kulthum
Descendants Ahl al-Bayt
Other Titles Kunyas: Umm al-Hasan, Umm al-Husayn, Umm Abiha (mother of her father), al-Batul, al-Siddiqa, al-Tahira, al-Marziyya

Sayyidat Nisa' al-ʿAlamin (Arabic: سَیِّدَة نِساء العالَمین) –literally meaning Lady of all the ladies in all the worlds– is one of the titles of the Lady Fatima al-Zahra' (a). The title was given to her by the Prophet (s). Imam Ali (a), also, called her by this title.

Giving the Title by the Prophet (s)

According to Sunni sources, the Prophet (s) told Fatima (a), " O, Fatima! are not you happy to be lady of the ladies of the world and the lady of all the ladies in this nation and the lady of all the faithful women?"[1]

Imam Ali (a), also, called her by this title when he had sit next to her grave.[2]

This title has been mentioned frequently in various scriptures of Ziyarahs (pilgrimage), such as: Ziyarah al-Warith, Ziyarah 'Ashura', Ziyarah Fatimat al-Zahra' (a), Ziyarah al-Imam al-Rida (a), Ziyarah Fatima al-Ma'suma (a) and …

Greatest Woman from Sunni Point of View

According to the reports from famous Sunni scholars such as: al-Subki, al-Suyuti, al-Nasa'i, Abu Dawud, al-Qadi Qutb al-Din and others, the Lady Fatima al-Zahra' (a) was the greatest woman in all the worlds based on these arguments:

  • The hadith quoted from the Prophet (s): "Fatima is a part of my body"
  • The Prophet's saying to Fatima (a): "Are not you happy to be the lady of all faithful women?"
  • In-authenticity, unreliability and weakness of the hadith which says, "The Prophet's wives were the best companion of him."

Moreover, al-Miqrizi said that if we believe that Mary (a) was a prophet, she will be more superior; but if we reject her prophethood, the Lady Fatima (a) will be the greatest woman in all the worlds.[3]

See Also

Notes

  1. Niyshaburi, Sahih, vol.5 p.57; Ibn Athir, Usd al-ghaba, vol.7 p.223
  2. Kulayni, al-Kafi, vol.1 p.381-382
  3. Raji, Hayat nisa' ahl bayt, p.660-663

References

  • Al-Nayshaburi, Muslim b. Hajjaj , Sahih.
  • Ibn Athir, 'Ali b. Muhammad. Usd al-ghaba.
  • Al-Kulayni, Muhammad b. Ya'qub. Al-Kafi. Tehran: Al-Maktaba al-Islamiyya, 1388
  • Raji, Muhammad. Hayat nisa' ahl bayt. Beirut: Dar al-Ma'rifa, 1429/2008