Priority: a, Quality: a

Al-Kawthar

From WikiShia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about a Qur'anic word. For other uses, see Kawthar (disambiguation).

Al-Kawthar (Arabic: کوثر) is a Qur'anic word which literally means great good. It is a cognate of the Arabic word "kathīr" (کثیر), and has once appeared in the Qur'an, Sura al-Kawthar[1]:

There is controversy among the scholars of the Qur'anic exegesis over what is meant by "al-kawthar"; Ibn 'Abbas, 'Ayisha and 'Abd Allah b. 'Umar have taken it to refer to a river or a stream in Heaven. It also refers to a lot of good, prophecy, the Holy Scripture, the Qur'an, the many companions, followers, and progeny granted by God to the Prophet (s).[2]

In some hadiths, "al-kawthar" is taken to refer to intercession or shafa'a of the Prophet (s) for his people; and according to other hadiths, it refers to the Kawthar Pond which involves a lot of good.[3]

For Shiite scholars of Qur'anic exegesis, "al-kawthar" refers to Lady Fatima al-Zahra (a), since al-'As b. Wa'il called the Prophet Muhammad (s) "abtar", that is, a person without a progeny and offspring (since he had no sons). On this occasion, God revealed the verse in response to al-'As b. Wa'il, by saying that He will give the Prophet (s) many children through his daughter, Lady Fatima al-Zahra (a). Al-kawthar is one of the titles of Lady Fatima (a).[4]

  • Distribution of Descendants of Lady Fatima (a) in the world

Today, in many countries of the world, there are Sayyids from the progeny of Lady Fatima (a). For example, in addition to Arab countries and Iran, the descendants of Idris b. Abd Allah b. Hasan, the founder of the Shi'a government of Idrisids still live in Tunisia and Morocco. In Indonesia, Habeshi, Alawi and Bakthir families are from Sayyid origins. In Yemen, there are different families from the lineages of Imam al-Hasan (a) and Imam al-Husayn (a). In Aswan in Egypt, there is a great family named Ju'afira who are attributed to Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (a). Sayyids of Razawi and Naqawi are in the two countries of India and Pakistan.

See Also

Notes

  1. Qurʾān, 108:1 .
  2. See: Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāmah-yi Qurʾān wa Qurʾān pazhūhī, vol. 2, p. 1269.
  3. See: Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāmah-yi Qurʾān wa Qurʾān pazhūhī, vol. 2, p. 1269.
  4. See: Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāmah-yi Qurʾān wa Qurʾān pazhūhī, vol. 2, p. 1269.

References

  • Qurʾān.
  • Khurramshāhī, Bahāʾ al-Dīn. Dānishnāmah-yi Qurʾān wa Qurʾān pazhūhī. Tehran: Dūstān wa Nāhīd, 1377 Sh.