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Hadith of Mi'raj

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This article is an introduction to the Hadith of Mi'raj; to read its text see text:Hadith of Mi'raj.

Ḥadith of Mirāj (Arabic: حدیث معراج) is a divine hadith which reports a conversation between God and the Prophet (s) during his ascent. Many divine hadiths have been narrated about the Prophet's (s) Mi'raj (ascent). The hadith which is called "Mi'raj" today, is a lengthy hadith which was first mentioned in Irshad al-qulub. Hadith of Mi'raj begins with the Prophet's (s) question from God about the best of actions. In reply, God mentions tawakkul (trust in God) and rida (contentment) and then repeatedly addresses the Prophet (s) about many moral issues including criticism of this world, fasting, silence, loving the needy and characteristics of those who work for the hereafter and worldly people.

Introduction

Hadith of Mi'raj is a divine hadith in which there is a conversation between God and the Prophet (s) at the night of his ascent. In this conversation, the Prophet (s) asked God questions about moral issues and God answered. Many divine hadiths have been narrated about the Prophet's (s) ascent. The hadith which is called "Mi'raj" today, is a lengthy hadith which was first mentioned in Irshad al-qulub and discussed about many moral issues.

The Event of Mi'raj

Main article: Mi'raj

Mi'raj refers to the ascent of the Prophet (s) from al-Aqsa mosque to skies. According to Islamic sources, in one night, the Prophet (s) went from Mecca to al-Aqsa mosque and from there, he (s) went to skies. The story of Mi'raj is mentioned in Shi'a and Sunni hadiths in frequent ways. The Qur'an too has mentioned it in two suras of al-Isra' and al-Najm.

Content

Hadith of Mi'raj begins with the Prophet's (s) question from God about the best of actions. In reply, God mentions tawakkul (trust in God) and rida (contentment) and then repeatedly addresses the Prophet (s) and mentions different issues. This lengthy hadith can be divided to some parts, at the beginning of each, the Prophet (s) is being addressed. In this hadith, God first addresses the Prophet (s) as "Muhammad" and in later parts, as "Ahmad".

According to Rahiyan-i kuy-i dust, the issues mentioned in this hadith are as follows:

  • Tawakkul (trust in God) and rida (contentment)
  • Divine love and the way to achieve it
  • Characteristics of the friends of God
  • Characteristics of those who enter the paradise and achieve the treasures of hunger and silence.
  • Necessity of caring about daily prayers and understanding the presence of God
  • Not following carnal desires
  • Criticism of this world and worldly people
  • Twenty characteristics of worldly people
  • Characteristics of those who work for the hereafter
  • Position and knowledge of ascetics
  • The valuable roles of fasting and silence
  • Believers who achieved certainty and entered the paradise of God
  • Characteristics of a pleasant and eternal life
  • Success in divine trial, and especial favors of God
  • Position of worshippers and divine messengers
  • The truth of God's love

Sources

Hadith of Mi'raj was first mentioned in Irshad al-qulub by Hasan b. Muhammad al-Daylami as "the questions of the Prophet (s) from his Lord at the night of Mi'raj". Then, in al-Wafi, al-Fayd al-Kashani, in Jawahir al-saniyya, al-Hurr al-'Amili and in Bihar al-anwar, al-'Allama al-Majlisi cited this hadith from Irshad al-qulub.

Commentaries

Since, hadith of Mi'raj mentioned many moral issues; it has been referred to by some ethical and mystical references, including:

  • Muhammad Taqi Misbah Yazdi's Rahiyan-i kuy-i dust. It is an edited version of the moral lessons of Muhammad Taqi Misbah Yazdi in the seminary of Qom.
  • Sirr al-asra' by Ali Pahlavani Tehrani (Sa'adat parvar).
  • Hadith of Mi'raj, Munajat al-rahman fi laylat al-miraj by Sayyid Muhammad Rida Ghiyathi Kirmani.

References