Sayyid Rida Baha al-Dini
|Burial Place||Holy Shrine of Lady Fatima al-Ma'suma (a)|
|Professors||Shaykh 'Abd al-Karim Ha'iri, Sayyid Muhammad Hujjat Kuhkamari'i, Sayyid Muhammad Taqi Khwansari|
|Students||Murtada Mutahhari, Ahmad Jannati, 'Ali Mishkini, ...|
Sayyid Riḍā Bahāʾ al-dīnī (Arabic: سید رضا بهاءالدینی) (b. 1326/1908 – d. 1418/1997), was a faqih and teacher of ethics and practical mysticism. He was a pupil of Shaykh 'Abd al-Karim Ha'iri Yazdi, Sayyid Muhammad Hujjat, Sayyid Muhammad Taqi Khwansari, and Ayatollah Sayyid Husayn Burujirdi. He was mostly occupied by discussions, private and public classes of moral teachings which lasted until the end of his life.
His father, Sayyid Safi al-Din was a pious servant in the holy Shrine of Lady Fatima al-Ma'suma (a). He so much loved and recited the Qur'an and participated in the classes of Shaykh 'Abd al-Karim Ha'iri and Shaykh Abu l-Qasim Kabir Qummi.
Following his father's encouragement, he began studying Islamic studies in the Seminary of Qom and took classes of preliminary levels under Mirza Muhammad 'Ali Adib Tihrani, Mirza Muhammad Hamadani, Akhund Mulla 'Ali Hamadani (d. 1398/1978) and Sayyid Sadr al-Din al-Sadr (d. 1414/1994).
He attended Kharij courses of fiqh and usul al-fiqh of Shaykh 'Abd al-Karim Ha'iri and later benefitted classes of Sayyid Muhammad Hujjat Kuhkamari'i (d. 1413/1993), Sayyid Muhammad Taqi Khwansari (d. 1412/1992), and Sayyid Husayn Burujirdi (d. 1380/1961). Since then, he began teaching general lessons of Arabic literature, ffiqhiqh, and usul al-fiqh and taught of fiqh and Usul al-Fiqh in the Seminary of Qom for 20 years.
He was teaching seminary lessons most of his life. Many people benefitted his classes.
- His notable students of Intermediate (Saṭh) courses: Mortaza Motahhari, Ahmad Jannati, 'Ali Mishkini, Ahmad Adhari Qummi, Muhammad Fadil Lankarani, Sayyid Mustafa Khomeini
- His notable students of Kharij courses of fiqh: Husayn Haydari Kashani, Mahmud Amjad, Ahmadi Yazdi
Prestige in Ethics and Mysticism
He was mostly occupied with discussions and private and public moral teachings until the end of his life. He had never participated in any formal class of ethics and had learned most of his manner and conduct from his teachers, especially Shaykh Abu l-Qasim Kabir Qummi.
He always strived for self-purification and giving spiritual instructions to his pupils.
Therefore, he was known as the teacher of ethics and mysticism. Some acts of wonder were attributed to him. In Shawwal 1417/March of 1997, a seminar with the name of"Hawza and moral purification" was held in Qom to pay homage to him.
So far, none of his scattered notes about Nahj al-Balagha, commentaries on the Qur'an, or class scripts of his teachers' fiqh classes have been published. Some of his moral classes and some of his interviews have been published in the two books of Suluk Ma'nawi (Spiritual Conduct) and Nardiban Asman (the Ladder to Sky), both in Persian language.
Ayatollah Baha' al-Dini passed away on Rabi' I 13, 1418/ July 19, 1997 and was buried in The Holy Shrine of Lady Fatima al-Ma'suma (a) in Qom. Following his demise, Sayyid 'Ali Khamenei, the Leader of Islamic Republic of Iran delivered a message.
The material for this article is mainly taken from سید رضا بهاءالدینی in Farsi Wikishia.