Muhammad Taqi al-Majlisi
Tomb of Majlisi in Jami' mosque of Isfahan
|Full Name||Muhammad Taqi b. Maqsud 'Ali al-Isfahani|
|Well-Known As||The First Majlisi|
|Religious Affiliation||Twelver Shi'a|
|Well-Known Relatives||'Allama Majlisi (son), Mulla Salih Mazandarani (son in law)|
|Place of Birth||Isfahan|
|Studied in||Isfahan, Najaf|
|Burial Place||Jami' mosque of Isfahan|
|Professors||Al-Shaykh al-Baha'i, Mirdamad|
|Students||'Allama Majlisi, Mulla Salih Mazandarani, ...|
|Permission for Hadith|
|Sayyid Sharaf al-Din Ali Shulistani|
|Works||Rawda al-muttaqin, Lawami' Sahibqarani, ...|
|Leading congregational prayer|
Muḥammad Taqī b. Maqṣūd ʿAlī al-Iṣfāhanī (Arabic:محمد تقي بن مقصود علي الاصفهاني) (b. 1003/1594-5 – d. 1070/1660) known as the First Majlisi was the father of 'Allama Majlisi and among the scholars of 11th/17th century. Two of his works are Rawda al-muttaqin and Lawami' Sahibqarani. Majlisi studied in Isfahan and Najaf. He taught religious sciences in Jami' mosque of Isfahan and after his teachers al-Shaykh al-Baha'i and Mirdamad, led the congregational prayer in this mosque.
Majlisi family were among the prominent scholarly families of Safavid time. Muhammad Taqi was born in Isfahan in 1003/1594-5. His father, Mulla Ali Majlisi was among Shia scholars. From his father's side, his lineage reached Abu Nu'aym Isfahani and from his mother's side, his lineage reached Muhammad b. Hasan Natanzi. He had a talent in poetry and his penname was Majlisi. In 1034/1624-5, he went to Najaf when he was 31. At the age of 33, he received permission for transmitting hadith from Sayyid Sharaf al-Din Ali Shulistani, a hadith scholar from Najaf. Then, Majlisi returned to Isfahan and began teaching in Jami' mosque of Isfahan. After al-Shaykh al-Baha'i and Mirdamad, he was the first person who led the congregational prayer. He passed away in Isfahan in Sha'aban 11 of 1070 (April 22, 1660) and was buried in Jami' Mosque of Isfahan.
Sayyid Muhammad Baqir Khwansari says he was the first one who spread Shi'a hadith after the emergence of Safivid.
- Main article: List of Students of Muhammad Taqi Majlisi
He had several students that the most famous ones are Muhammad Baqir Majlisi, his son, who wrote Bihar al-anwar; Mulla Salih Mazandarani, his son in law, who wrote a famous commentary on Usul al-Kafi; Al-Sayyid Ni'mat Allah al-Jaza'iri, one of the greatest scholars of akhbarism; and Aqa Husayn Khwansari who had the scholarly and religious headship of his time.
- Main article: List of Works by Muhammad Taqi Majlisi
Majlisi wrote some works.
- Lawami' Sahibqarani known as Sharh faqih is a book in jurisprudence in Persian. It has been included in commentary and translation of al-Shaykh al-Saduq's Man la yahduruh al-faqih. Majlisi avoided discussing about scientific complicated issues and idiomatic expressions and has sufficed to give short explanations about chains of transmission in Persian and the answers to some questions.
Mirza 'Abd Allah Afandi has mentioned two other works of him: Risala fi al-rida' and a short treatise on the rights of parents.
- 'Aziz Allah Majlisi
- 'Abd Allah Majlisi, he went to India and passed away in 1084/1673-4
- Muhammad Baqir Majlisi, the author of Bihar al-anwar
- Amina Baygum, Mulla Salih Mazandarani's wife
- Wife of Muhammad 'Ali Astarabadi
- Wife of Mulla Mirza Muhammad Shirwani
- Wife of Mirza Kamal al-Din Muhammad Fasa'i, the commentator of al-Shafiya
- The material for this article is mainly taken from محمدتقی مجلسی in Farsi Wikishia.