Muhammad Taqi al-Majlisi

From WikiShia
Jump to: navigation, search
Priority: b, Quality: b Without references
Muhammad Taqi al-Majlisihttp://en.wikishia.net
Majlisi's tomb.jpg
Tomb of Majlisi in Jami' mosque of Isfahan
Personal Information
Full Name Muhammad Taqi b. Maqsud 'Ali al-Isfahani
Well-Known As The First Majlisi
Religious Affiliation Twelver Shi'a
Well-Known Relatives 'Allama Majlisi (son), Mulla Salih Mazandarani (son in law)
Birth 1003/1594-5
Place of Birth Isfahan
Residence Isfahan, Najaf
Studied in Isfahan, Najaf
Death 1070/1660
Burial Place Jami' mosque of Isfahan
Scholarly Information
Professors Al-Shaykh al-Baha'i, Mirdamad
Students 'Allama Majlisi, Mulla Salih Mazandarani, ...
Permission for Hadith
Transmission From
Sayyid Sharaf al-Din Ali Shulistani
Works Rawda al-muttaqin, Lawami' Sahibqarani, ...
Scholarly
Activities
Leading congregational prayer

Muḥammad Taqī b. Maqṣūd ʿAlī al-Iṣfāhanī (Arabic:محمد تقي بن مقصود علي الاصفهاني) (b. 1003/1594-5 – d. 1070/1660) known as the First Majlisi was the father of 'Allama Majlisi and among the scholars of 11th/17th century. Two of his works are Rawda al-muttaqin and Lawami' Sahibqarani. Majlisi studied in Isfahan and Najaf. He taught religious sciences in Jami' mosque of Isfahan and after his teachers al-Shaykh al-Baha'i and Mirdamad, led the congregational prayer in this mosque.

His Biography

Majlisi family were among the prominent scholarly families of Safavid time. Muhammad Taqi was born in Isfahan in 1003/1594-5. His father, Mulla Ali Majlisi was among Shia scholars. From his father's side, his lineage reached Abu Nu'aym Isfahani and from his mother's side, his lineage reached Muhammad b. Hasan Natanzi. He had a talent in poetry and his penname was Majlisi. In 1034/1624-5, he went to Najaf when he was 31. At the age of 33, he received permission for transmitting hadith from Sayyid Sharaf al-Din Ali Shulistani, a hadith scholar from Najaf. Then, Majlisi returned to Isfahan and began teaching in Jami' mosque of Isfahan. After al-Shaykh al-Baha'i and Mirdamad, he was the first person who led the congregational prayer. He passed away in Isfahan in Sha'aban 11 of 1070 (April 22, 1660) and was buried in Jami' Mosque of Isfahan.

Sayyid Muhammad Baqir Khwansari says he was the first one who spread Shi'a hadith after the emergence of Safivid.

Teachers

Students

He had several students that the most famous ones are Muhammad Baqir Majlisi, his son, who wrote Bihar al-anwar; Mulla Salih Mazandarani, his son in law, who wrote a famous commentary on Usul al-Kafi; Al-Sayyid Ni'mat Allah al-Jaza'iri, one of the greatest scholars of akhbarism; and Aqa Husayn Khwansari who had the scholarly and religious headship of his time.

Works

Majlisi wrote some works.

His commentary has been one of the best commentaries on al-Shaykh al-Tusi's Tahdhib al-ahkam. It has been reprinted many times. Its new print has been in 14 volumes.

  • Lawami' Sahibqarani known as Sharh faqih is a book in jurisprudence in Persian. It has been included in commentary and translation of al-Shaykh al-Saduq's Man la yahduruh al-faqih. Majlisi avoided discussing about scientific complicated issues and idiomatic expressions and has sufficed to give short explanations about chains of transmission in Persian and the answers to some questions.

Mirza 'Abd Allah Afandi has mentioned two other works of him: Risala fi al-rida' and a short treatise on the rights of parents.

Children

  • 'Aziz Allah Majlisi
  • 'Abd Allah Majlisi, he went to India and passed away in 1084/1673-4
  • Muhammad Baqir Majlisi, the author of Bihar al-anwar
  • Amina Baygum, Mulla Salih Mazandarani's wife
  • Wife of Muhammad 'Ali Astarabadi
  • Wife of Mulla Mirza Muhammad Shirwani
  • Wife of Mirza Kamal al-Din Muhammad Fasa'i, the commentator of al-Shafiya

References