Good article since 13 August 2016
Priority: c, Quality: b

Ibn Qulawayh al-Qummi

From WikiShia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ibn Qulawayh al-Qummihttp://en.wikishia.net
صندوق قبر ابن قولویه.jpg
The grave of Ibn Qulawayh al-Qummi next to the grave of al-Shaykh al-Mufid in al-Kazimayn, Iraq.
Personal Information
Full Name Abū l-Qāsim, Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Ja'far b. Mūsā b. Masrūr b. Qūlawayh al-Qummī
Well-Known Relatives Muhammad b. Ja'far b. al-Qulawayh; 'Ali b. Muhammad b. Ja'far b. al-Qulawayh
Residence Qom
Death 367/977
Burial Place Kazimayn
Scholarly Information
Professors Muhammad b. Ja'far b. al-Qulawayh; 'Ali b. Muhammad b. Ja'far b. al-Qulawayh;Muhammad b. Ya'qub al-Kulayni
Students Al-Shaykh al-Mufid; Husayn b. 'Ubayd Allah al-Qaza'iri
Works Kamil al-Ziyarat; Tarikh al-Shuhur; Mudawat al-jasad; Al-Salat

Jaʿfar b. Muḥammad b. Jaʿfar b. Mūsā b. Masrūr b. Qūlawayh al-Qummī (Arabic: جَعفَر بن مُحَمَّد بن جَعفَر بن مُوسى بن مَسرور بن قُولَوَيه القُمّي) (d. 367/977) known as Ibn Qūlawayh (Arabic: ابن قولویه) is one the prominent shi'a hadith narrators in the fourth century/tenth century. He is one of the best students of Muhammad b. Ya'qub al-Kulayni and one of the most outstanding teachers of Al-Shaykh al-Mufid. He is one the jurists and theologians who tried to find a middle way between the viewpoints of ahl al-hadith and the scholars of 'ilm al-Kalam (theology). Ibn Qulawayh is the author of the book named Kamil al-Ziyarat.

Biography

Ja'far b. Qulawayh was born in Qom and in a well-educated and virtuous family. He started learning knowledge from childhood by his father and brother who were the great shi'a hadith narrators.[1] According to the biographer’s narrations, his surname is 'Abu l-Qasim.[2]

He traveled to Egypt in 341/952-53.[3] It is narrated from Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani that Muhammad b. Sulaym al-Sabuni had narrated from him in Egypt.[4]

His Character

Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Qulawayh was one of the most distinctive scholarly figures of his time and his hadiths over thousands of years have been narrated and referred to in shi'a hadith sources. Shi'a scholars and jurisprudents have great regard for him and they rely on a large number of people who have narrated through Ibn Qulawayh.

Great Scholar's Views about Him

Al-Najashi one of the scholars of 'ilm al-Rijal says, "Ibn Qulawayh is higher than any beauty, knowledge and jurisprudence with which people are characterized."[5]

Al-Shaykh al-Tusi writes about him, "Abu l-Qasim Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Qulawayh al-Qummi is a reliable person and has a lot of books as many as the number of fiqh (jurisprudence) sections."[6]

Al-Allama al-Hilli narrates, "Abu l-Qasim had been one of the honorable and reliable companions in hadith and fiqh (jurisprudence)."[7]

Sayyid b. Tawus says about Ibn Qulawayh, "He is an honest narrator and all agree with his trustworthiness."[8]

Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, who is one the Sunni 'Ulama, believes that he is one the famous Shi'a scholars and great people.[9]

Teachers

He benefited from lots of great feature’s classes including:

Students

A large number of great personalities has also benefited from him like:

Hadiths

The number of his narrations in Jurisprudence is about five hundred hadiths. Ayatollah Khoei says, "the name of Ibn al-Qulawayh in hadith Asnad have been mentioned 465 hadiths with the name of Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Musa and twenty eight hadiths with the name of Ja'far b. Muhammad b. al-Qulawayh."[13]

Works

Kamil al-Ziyarat

Ibn al-Qulawayh has a lot of books as follows:

Death

Ibn al-Qulawayh passed away in 368/978-79 and was buried in Kadhimiya shrine beside Imam Musa b. Ja'far (a) and Imam al-Jawad (a)—beside al-Shaykh al-Mufid's tomb.[15] However, Afandi Isfahani believes that his tomb is in Qom.[16]

Notes

  1. Ibn Qūlawayh al-Qummī, Kāmil al-zīyārāt, introduction.
  2. Tūsī, Rijāl, p. 418
  3. Ibn Qūlawayh al-Qummī, Kāmil al-zīyārāt, introduction.
  4. Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, Lisān al-mīzān, vol. 2, p. 125.
  5. Najāshī, Rijāl, p. 123.
  6. Ṭūsī, al-Fihrist, p. 91.
  7. Ḥillī, Khulāṣat al-aqwāl, p. 88.
  8. Ibn Ṭāwūs, Iqbāl al-aʿmāl, vol. 1, p. 34.
  9. Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, Lisān al-mīzān, vol. 2, p. 125.
  10. Ibn Qūlawayh al-Qummī, Kāmil al-zīyārāt, p. 9-13.
  11. Māmaqānī, Tanqīh al-maqāl, vol. 15, p. 334.
  12. Ibn Qūlawayh al-Qummī, Kāmil al-zīyārāt, p. 12-13.
  13. Khoei, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 5, p. 67-68.
  14. Ibn Qūlawayh al-Qummī, Kāmil al-zīyārāt, p. 15-17.
  15. Qummī, al-Kinā wa l-alqāb, vol. 1, p. 391.
  16. Āfandī, Riyāḍ al-ʿulamāʾ, vol. 6, p. 32.

References

  • Āfandī, ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿĪsā al-. Riyāḍ al-ʿulamāʾ. Qom: Maṭbaʿat al-Khayyām, [n.d].
  • Ḥillī, Ḥasan b. Yūsuf al-. Khulāṣat al-aqwāl. Qom: Nashr al-fiqāha, [n.d].
  • Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī. Lisān al-mīzān. Beirut: Muʾassisat al-Aʿlamī, 1390 AH.
  • Ibn Qūlawayh al-Qummī, Muḥammad b. Jaʿfar. Kāmil al-zīyārāt. Qom: Nashr al-Fiqāha, 1417 AH.
  • Ibn Ṭāwūs, ʿAlī b. Mūsā. Iqbāl al-aʿmāl. Beirut: Maktab al-Aʿlām al-Islāmī, 1414 AH.
  • Khoei, Abū l-Qāsim al-. Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth. Beirut: Markaz al-Nashr al-Thiqāfa al-Islāmīyya, 1413 AH.
  • Māmaqānī, ʿAbd Allāh al-. Tanqīh al-maqāl fī ʿilm al-rijāl. Qom: Āl al-Bayt, [n.d].
  • Najāshī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-. Rijāl al-Najāshī. Qom: Daftar-i Intishārāt-i Islāmī, 1416 AH.
  • Qummī, Shaykh ʿAbbās al-. Al-Kinā wa l-alqāb. Tehran: Maktabat al-Ṣadr, 1397 AH.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Al-Fihrist. Edited by Jawād Qayyūmī. Qom: Nashr al-Fiqāha, 1417 AH.
  • Tūsī, Muḥamamd b. al-Ḥasan al-. Rijāl. Qom: Daftar-i Intishārāt-i Islāmī, 1415 AH.