Ibn al-Barraj al-Tarabulusi
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|Full Name||Saʿd al-Dīn Abu l-Qāsim ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz b. Niḥrir b. ʿAbd al-ʿAziz b. Barrāj al-Ṭarābulusī|
|Well-Known As||Ibn Barraj|
|Residence||Egypt, Baqghad, Damascus, Tripoli|
|Professors||Al-Sharif al-Murtada,al-Shaykh al-Tusi|
|Students||Hasak b. Babwayh,'Abd al-Jabbar Muqri Razi|
|Works||Jawahir al-fiqh, al-Muhadhdhab|
|judge of Tripoli|
Saʿd al-Dīn Abu l-Qāsim ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz b. Niḥrir b. ʿAbd al-ʿAziz b. Barrāj al-Ṭarābulusī (Arabic: سعدالدین ابوالقاسم عبدالعزیز بن نحریر بن عبدالعزیز ابن بَرّاج الطرابلسی) known as Ibn Barraj (Arabic: ابن براج) (b. about 400/1010 - d. 481/1088) was a Shi'a jurist and judge in 5th/11th century. He was a student of al-Sharif al-Murtada and al-Shaykh al-Tusi.
Nicknames and Titles
He was also known as " 'Izz al-Din", "'Izz al-Mu'minin", "al-Halabi" and "al-Tarabulusi". His nickname (kunya) was "Abu l-Qasim" and he was titled as "Qadi" and "Sa'd al-Din"
He stared his educations in his hometown. After the demise of al-Sayyid al-Murtada in 429/1038 he participated in al-Shaykh al-Tusi class and studied for 7 year under him. Ibn Barraj was al-Tusi's constant companion until al-Shaykh al-Tusi appointed him as his representative in Syria region. He became one of the great scholars of the region and consequently was appointed as the judge of Tripoli (Tarabulus) by Jalal al-Mulk in 438/1047.
He taught many students, some of them are:
- Hasak b. Babwayh
- 'Abd al-Jabbar Muqri Razi
- 'Abd al-Rahman Niyshaburi Khuza'i
- Hasan b. 'Abd al-'Aziz Jiyhani
- Qadi Ibn Abi Kamil Tirablusi
- Abu ja'far Muhammd Halabi
- Ziyd b. Da'i
- Jawahir al-fiqh ; this book is the first book presenting jurisprudential issues and Islamic laws in Q&A style.
- Sharh jumal al-'ilm wa al-'amal ; this book is a commentary on the book Jumal al-'ilm wa al-'amal written by al-Sharif al-Murtada.
- Rawdat al-nafs fi ahkam 'ibadat al-khams
- 'Imad al-muhtaj fi manasik al-hajj
- Husn al-tasrif
A Further Reading Source
The book Ibn al-Barraj al-Tarabulusi: 'Asruhu, Siratuhu wa Musannafatuh (Ibn Barraj, his era, characteristic and works) written bu Ja'far al-Muhajir is a great source for further reading about him.
This book is divided into 4 chapters and 2 addendums:
- Chapter 1: Tripoli to Ibn Barraj's time; introducing the region geographically, entrance of Islam to the region and growth of Shi'ism in it.
- Chapter 2: Ibn Barraj's life time; from birth to demise.
- Chapter 3: Relations between Ibn Barraj and al-Shaykh al-Tusi; his attributes in al-Shaykh al-Tusi's books.
- Chapter 4: His position in Tripoli as a teacher, judge and author.
- Teacher: he taught many students. Eight of which are named in the book.
- Judge: he was a Judge in Tripoli.
- Author: he was famous as a hard working author as well. His works are introduced completely at the end of this section including: al-Mu'tamad, Sharh jumal al-'ilm wa al-'amal, Jawahir al-fiqh, al-Muhadhdhab, al-Kamil, Rawdat al-nafs fi ahkam 'ibadat al-khams, 'Imad al-muhtaj fi manasik al-hajj, Al-Muqarrab and ….
- Addendum 1: Introduction of one of his students named As'ad b. Ahmad b. Abi Ruh Tirabulsi (d. 504/1111) and his works.
- Addendum 2: Introduction of Ibn Abi Ruh's tomb its shrine and doom along with pictures.
The last part of the book is several useful indexes, which help the reader to find the context he is looking for.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from عبدالعزیز حلبی in Farsi Wikishia.