Al-Hasan b. 'Ali al-Hadhdha' al-'Ummani
|Full Name||'Abu Muhammad Hasan b. Ali al-Hadhdha' al-'Ummani|
|Well-Known As||Ibn Abi 'Aqil|
|Permission for Hadith|
|Works||Al-Mutamassik bi habl-i Al-i Rasul,al-Karr wa al-farr|
Abū Muḥammad Ḥasan b. ʿAli al-Ḥadhdhāʾ al-ʿUmmānī (Arabic: ابو محمد حسن بن علی الحذّاء العمانی ) or al-ʿAmmānī, known as Ibn Abī ʿAqīl (Arabic: ابن ابی عقیل) was a Shi'a scholar of hadith, fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence), and kalam (theology) in the fourth/tenth century during the Minor Occultation (al-ghayba al-sughra) (260/879-329/941 ). Shi'a scholars have confirmed his reliability as a narrator of hadith. Some take him to be the first Shi'a scholar of fiqh to have refined the discipline at the beginning of the Major Occultation (al-ghayba al-kubra), separating issues regarding the principles from those concerning the rules of fiqh by way of ijtihad. Ibn Abi 'Aqil's views in fiqh have been important for most of Shi'a scholars of fiqh, including Ibn Idris in his al-Sara'ir, Muhaqqiq al-Hilli in his al-Mu'tabar fi sharh al-mukhtasar, and al-'Allama al-Hilli in his Mukhtalaf al-Shi'a.
Birth and Parentage
Although many scholars of fiqh and hadith have cited him in their works, his birth and death dates are not known—indeed, it is not even known which Amman he belongs to. Since Ibn Qulawayh has cited hadiths from him, he must have been in the same generation of narrators as al-Kulayni, and lived in the period of the Minor Occultation (260/874-329/941).
Al-Shaykh al-Tusi is the first scholar