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Mirza Ahmad Ashtiyani

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Mirza Ahmad Ashtiyani.jpg
Personal Information
Well-Known Relatives Muhammad Hasan Ashtiyani
Birth 1300/1883
Studied in Tehran, Najaf
Death 1395/1975
Burial Place Holy shrine of 'Abd al- 'Azim al-Hasani (a) in Rey
Scholarly Information
Professors Sayyid Muhammad Yazdi, Mirza Hashim Rashti, ...
Permission for
Ijtihad From
Shaykh 'Abd al-Karim Ha'iri, Aqa Diya' 'Iraqi, Sayyid Abu l-Hasan Isfahani, etc.
Works Risala-yi qawl-i thabit ,Maqalat Ahmadiyya etc.
Administrator of Marwi school

Mīrzā Aḥmad Āshtiyānī (Persian:میرزا احمد آشتیانی) (b. 1300/1883 - d. 1395/1975) was a twelver Shi'a faqih and philosopher. He was the fourth and the last child of Mirza Hasan Mujtahid Ashtiyani. He received ijtihad certificate from five marja's who lived in his time, Mirza Husayn Na'ini, Shaykh 'Abd al-Karim Ha'iri, Aqa Diya' 'Iraqi, Sayyid Abu l-Hasan Isfahani, and Sayyid Husayn Burujirdi. He taught both intellectual and narrative sciences. Some of his works are: Risala-yi qawl-i thabit, Maqalat-i Ahmadiyya and Nama-yi rahbaran. From 1340/1923, he taught and guided people in Tehran until he breathed his last.


Mirza Ahmad was the 4th and the youngest child of Mirza Hasan Ashtiyani. He was born in 1300/1883. His oldest son –Mirza Muhammad Baqir (b.1323/1905 - d.1404/1983)- was a great scholar in his own time.


After finishing Persian literature and basic Arabic, he started studying jurisprudence and usul al-fiqh under his father. After his father passed away, he continued his studies under scholars such as Sayyid Muhammad Yazdi, Mirza Hashim Rashti, Hakim Kirmanshahi, and Hakim Ishkiwari, and then started to teach intellectual and narrative sciences in Sipahsalar seminary.


In 1340/1923 he headed to Najaf and along with studying under Muhammad Husayn Na'ini and Aqa Diya' 'Iraqi, he started teaching philosophy.

In 1350/1933 he returned to Iran where he taught jurisprudence, usul al-fiqh and intellectual sciences, wrote books and guided people until he breathes his last.

Scholarly Character

In addition to his comprehensive knowledge in intellectual and narrative sciences, he knew old medical knowledge, mathematics, and other old sciences. He also was familiar with calligraphy and composed poems under the pen name "Walih".

When he passed away, he was the administrator of Marwi seminary - the biggest seminary school in Tehran.


He received his ijtihad certificate from 5 marja's who lived in his time: Mirza Husayn Na'ini, Shaykh 'Abd al-Karim Ha'iri, Aqa Diya' 'Iraqi, Sayyid Abu l-Hasan Isfahani and Sayyid Husayn Burujirdi.


Ashtiyani's books: Maqalat-i Ahmadiyya and Nama-yi rahbaran

Rida Ustadi reported that 62 works have remained from him including books, treatises, and glosses, 27 of which have not been published yet. 32 glosses on famous and reliable books in: jurisprudence, usul al-fiqh, logic, philosophy, mysticism, spherical astronomy (hay'at), Arabic rhetoric, morphology and syntax are among his non-published works. What follow are some of his published works:

  1. Risala-yi qawl-i thabit (Persian) in theology .
  2. Nama-yi rahbaran, Amuzish-i kitab-i takwin (Persian) in philosophy and Shi'a theology.
  3. Maqalat-i Ahmadiyya (Persian) including three articles in ethics.
  4. Tara'if al-hikam (Arabic) also translated to Persian under the title Andarzhay-i mumtaz.
  5. Lawami' al-haqa'iq fi usul al-'aqa'id (Arabic) in theology.
  6. Chahardah risala (14 treatises) (Persian) published by effort of Rida Ustadi.
  7. Sad-u bist-u chahar hadith wa chahar risala-yi 'irfani va falsafi (124 narrations and 4 treatises in mysticism and philosophy) (Arabic) also the book Nur al-hidayah fi l-Imama (written by Jalal al-Din Dawani) has been published as an addendum to this book.


Grave stone of Ashtiyani

He passed away on Tuesday Jumada II 14, 1395/June 24, 1975. The next day, the bazaar of Tehran was closed in his honor and a lot of people, scholars, and his students attended his funeral. His body was buried in his family tomb located in the courtyard of the holy shrine of 'Abd al- 'Azim (a) in Rey.