Mirza Mahdi Ashtiyani
|Full Name||Mirza Mahdi Ashtiyani|
|Residence||Tehran, Najaf, Qom|
|Studied in||Tehran, Najaf|
|Burial Place||Qom in the Holy Shrine of Lady Fatima al-Ma'suma (a)|
|Professors||Sayyid Abu l-Hasan Isfahani, Husayn Na'ini, Aqa Mir Shirazi, Muhammad Kazim Khurasani and Fadl Allah Nuri|
|Works||Asas al-tawhid, Ta'liqat rashiqa 'ala Sharh Manzuma al-Sabziwari, Gloss on al-Asfar, Gloss on al-Shifa, Gloss on Kifayat al-'usul, etc.|
Mīrzā Mahdī Ashtīyānī (Persian:میرزا مهدی آشتیانی) (b. 1306/1888- d. 1372 /1952) was a Shi'a wise, mystic and religious scholar; he was pupil of some great professors such as al-Sayyid al-Hukama Aqa Mir Shirazi, Mirza Muhammad Husayn Na'ini, Sayyid Abu l-Hasan Isfahani, Muhammad Kazim Khurasani, and Shaykh Fadl Allah Nuri.
He went to Najaf and he took the Permission of narration and ijtihad in a short period. When he came back to Iran, first he taught some courses in Qom, Isfahan and Mashhad and finally he inhabited in Tehran and established a broad scientific school in theosophy and mysticism.
Birth and Lineage
Mirza Mahdi was born in 1306/1888 in Tehran; his father Mirza Ja'far was nephew and also, son in law of Muhammad Hasan Ashtiyani, one of the great scholars of Tehran.
Mirza Mahdi's childhood was in Tehran; and after learning the Qur'an and elementary courses, he took part in the classes on famous professors at that time. He learned some elementary courses such as literature, Usul and fiqh from his father and then took part in the lessons by Shaykh Hasan Taliqani as well as Mulla 'Abd al-Rasul. Then he took part in some courses in advanced level (Bahth al-Kharij) of fiqh and Usul by Shaykh Fadl Allah Nuri and Aqa Sayyid 'Abd al-Karim Lahiji, the chairman of Marwi school in Tehran, etc.
He learned mathematic form some famous scholars such as al-Shaykh 'Abd al-Husayn Sibawayh, Mirza Ghaffariyan Najm al-Dula, Mirza Jahanbakhsh Munajjim Burujirdi, and Aqa Shaykh Muhammad Husayn Riyadi.
Likewise, he learned Peripatetic philosophy before Mirza Hasan Kirmanshahi, and Illuminationist philosophy and mysticism from Aqa Mirza Hashim Ishkiwari. Also, his teacher in Transcendental philosophy was al-Sayyid al-Hukama Aqa Mir Shirazi.
Moreover, he learned traditional medicine before Mirza Muhammad Husayn and Mirza Abu l-Qasim Na'ini, and modern medicine from Mirza 'Ali Akbar Khan Nazim al-Atibba as well as Mirza Abu l-Hasan Khan Ra'is al-Atibba.
Migration to Najaf
Ashtiyani went to Najaf for graduate studies in 1327/1909. He took part in the classes of Muhammad Kazim Khurasani, however, came back to Iran after one year for some illness. Then, he again went to Najaf in 1329/1911 and took part in the classes of Sayyid Muhammad Kazim Yazdi. Then, after a short period, he came back to Iran and again, for the third time, he went to Najaf and start studying in some courses by Sayyid Muhammad Firuzabadi, Muhammad Husayn Na'ini, Diya' al-Din 'Iraqi as well as Sayyid Abu l-Hasan Isfahani.
Permission of Ijtihad
Ashtiyani, along his residency in Najaf, taught some courses in intellectual and traditional sciences. He prefers to come back to Iran and had some teaching in Qom, Isfahan, and Mashhad; finally he came back to his birthplace, Tehran, and has established a broad scientific school in theosophy and mysticism.
One of his personal features was that he never limited himself in geographical location or the books and texts studying. He traveled to several countries and gained a lot of experiences.
Before going to Najaf, he traveled to Bukhara and taught some courses there; moreover, he traveled twice to Egypt and one time to India, France, Belgium, Italy and England and he had some discussions with their scientists and philosophers.
- Asas al-tawhid, in Persian, Tehran, 1371/1952.
- Ta'liqat rashiqa 'ala Sharh Manzuma al-Sabziwari, in Arabic.
- Gloss on al-Asfar,in Arabic.
- Gloss on al-Shifa' by Ibn Sina
- Gloss on Kifayat al-'usul by Akhund Muhammad Kazim Khurasani
- An article on determinism, free will, indeterminate knowledge (al-'ilm al-ijmali), and some other theological concepts.
- Gloss on Fusus al-Hikam by Ibn 'Arabi.
- Gloss on Fusus by al-Farabi.
- Gloss on Misbah al-uns.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from میرزا مهدی آشتیانی in Farsi Wikishia.