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Lunar Hijri Months















Rabi' I

Rabi' II

Jumada I

Jumada II





Dhu l-Qa'da

Dhu l-Hijja

Ṣafar al-Muẓaffar (Arabic: صَفَر المُظَفَّر) or Ṣafar al-Khayr (Arabic: صفر الخَیر) is the second month in the Lunar calendar.

The word "Safar" literally means empty. It was called so because people in the jahiliyya period left their homes empty in this month, because it was after the Muharram month, which was a haram month in which people stopped raids and expeditions, but in Safar they restarted their raids once again, leaving their houses empty.


Just like the Muharram month, this month is also a month of grief for Twelver Shiite Muslims. The demise of the Prophet Muhammad (s), the martyrdom of Imam al-Hasan al-Mujtaba (a), and Imam al-Rida (a), as well as Imam al-Husayn (a)'s Arba'in (the fortieth day of his martyrdom) occurred in this month.

It is widely held that Safar, and in particular its last Wednesday, is malevolent, but there is no hadith in this regard.

According to some sources, however, the Prophet (s) has said about the month of Safar that "Whoever gives me the good news that the month of Safar has ended, I will give him the good news of going to heaven". This hadith does not have a reliable chain of narrators (or sanad), and it is probably about Abu Dhar al-Ghifari.

Recommended practices of the Safar month

Practices of Safar al-Muzaffar
Common practices

Reciting the prayer:

O' the one with strong powers, O' the one with strong position, O' the precious, O' the precious, O' the precious, all of your creatures are humbled by your greatness, please do not let leave me in need of your evil creatures, O' beneficent, O' benefactor, O' grantor, O' donor, O' there is no god but thou, glory to thee, I was indeed wrong, so we listened to him, and delivered him from distress, and thus do we deliver those who have faith. And God's peace be upon Muhammad and his pure progeny یا شَدیدَ الْقُوی وَیا شَدیدَ الْمِحالِ یا عَزیزُ یا عَزیزُ یا عَزیزُ ذَلَّتْ بِعَظَمَتِکَ جَمیعُ خَلْقِکَ فَاکْفِنی شَرَّ خَلْقِکَ یا مُحْسِنُ یا مُجْمِلُ یا مُنْعِمُ یا مُفْضِلُ یا لا اِلهَ اِلاّ اَنْتَ سُبْحانَکَ اِنّی کُنْتُ مِنَ الظّالِمینَ فَاسْتَجَبْنا لَهُ وَنَجَّیْناهُ مِنَ الْغَمِّ وَکَذلِکَ نُنْجِی الْمُؤْمِنینَ وَصَلَّی اللّهُ عَلی مُحَمَّدٍ وَ الِهِ الطَّیِّبینَ الطّاهِرینَ
The third day Performing two Rak'ats (or postures) of prayers, reciting in the first Rak'at Sura al-Hamd and Sura al-Fath, and in the second, Sura al-Hamd and Sura al-Ikhlas, and reciting Salawat on the Prophet (s) and his progeny for 100 times after the prayer, and reciting a curse on the progeny of Abu Sufyan for 100 times, and asking for God's forgiveness for 100 times.
The twentieth day Reciting Ziyara al-Arba'in

Important Events


  • The material for this article is mainly taken from صفر in Farsi WikiShia.