Special prophethood or al-nubuwwat al-khāṣṣa (Arabic: النُبُوَّة الخاصَّة) is a term in theology (or Islamic theology) referring to a set of issues concerning the prophethood of a particular prophet. Special prophethood is contrasted to general prophethood in which general issues of prophethood are discussed. In Islamic theological books, issues of special prophethood are limited to the prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad (s). Some issues of special prophethood include proofs for the prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad (s), the Qur'an as his miracle, and the Finality of Prophethood.
Special prophethood refers to theological issues about the prophethood of a particular prophet. It is contrasted to general prophethood. It includes issues such as the reasons for the prophethood of a particular person and his miracles.
Issues of Special Prophethood
In Islamic theological books, special prophethood is concerned with proofs for the prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad (s). Moreover, in some books, the issue of the Finality of the Prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad (s) is also discussed.
Here are some issues of special prophethood in Islamic theological books:
- Main article: Miracles of the Prophet (s)
The Prophecy of Earlier Prophets
In some books of theology, the prophecy or prediction of earlier prophets vis-à-vis the prophethood of the Prophet of Islam (s) is also discussed. Some people take such prophecy to be a proof for his prophethood. They believe that there is evidence in the Gospel and Torah in which earlier prophets have foretold the prophethood of Muhammad (s). However, some scholars reject this claim, holding that phrases appealed to do not imply the appearance of the Prophet of Islam (s).
Finality of Prophethood
- Main article: Finality of Prophethood
Muslims unanimously believe that the Prophet of Islam (s) was the last messenger of God. Thus, in issues of special prophethood, finality of his prophethood is sometimes discussed. As the holy Qur'an confirms: "Muhammad is not the father of any man among you, but he is the Apostle of Allah and the Seal of the Prophets" (Qur'an 33:40)
- The material for this article is mainly taken from نبوت خاصه in Farsi WikiShia.