Druze faith is an offshoot of Ismailism that appeared in the first half of the fifth century AH based on the belief in the divinity of al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, the sixth Fatimid caliph. The Druze call themselves Muwahhidun (Monotheists).
Muhammad b. Ismail al-Darazi, al-Akhram, Hamza b. Ali al-Zuzani were among the most prominent Druze missionaries.
Rasa'il al-hikma is their most important text, in which such key doctrines as manifestation, Taqammus, Nutq, and the abrogation of religions and divine laws are discussed.
Although the Druze have a closed community, their insistence on precautionary dissimulation (taqiyya) and concealing their beliefs have allowed them to have a peaceful coexistence with the followers of other faith traditions.
The Druze have usually lived in mountainous regions. Today, they are mostly found in Syria, Lebanon, and Palestine, with each community having its own independent leader. An outstanding political leader of the Druze in Lebanon was Kamal Jumblatt, the founder of the Progressive Socialist Party. Today, his son Walid Jumblatt is the political leader of the Lebanese Druze.
Some contemporary Druze thinkers have tried to explain the doctrines of the Druze faith on the basis on Islamic and Quranic teachings so as to introduce the Druze faith as an Islamic denomination.
- 1 Name
- 2 History
- 3 Isma’ili Opposition
- 4 End of the Mission
- 5 Involvement in Politics
- 6 Settling in Palestine
- 7 The Shihabid Dynasty
- 8 Separation between the Lebanese and Syrian Druze
- 9 Current State
- 10 Recent Events and Leadership
- 11 Doctrines and Beliefs