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Muhammad b. Jumhur al-'Ammi

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Companion of Imam (a)
Muhammad b. Jumhur al-'Ammi
Full Name Muhammad b. Jumhur al-'Ammi al-'Arabi al-Basri
Companion of Imam al-Rida (a)
Teknonym Abu 'Abd Allah
Well Known As Ibn Jumhur
Death/Martyrdom 210/825-6
Works Adab al-'ilmal-Risala al-dhahabiyyaSahib al-Zamanal-MalahimWaqt khuruj al-Qa'imal-Wahida fi al-akhbar wa l-manaqib wa l-mathalib
This article is about Ibn Jumhur. For Ibn Abi Jumhur, see Ibn Abi Jumhur al-Ahsa'i.

Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad b. Jumhūr al-ʿAmmī al-ʿArabī al-Baṣrī (Arabic:ابوعبدالله محمد بن جمهور العمي العربي البصري) (d. 210/825-6) known as Ibn Jumhur (إبن جمهور) was among Shi'a scholars of hadiths and literature and among special companions of Imam al-Rida (a) who has narrated hadiths from him. Some accused him of having corrupt belief and extremism. Some of his works are available.

Life

Biographers have mentioned his kunya and the names of father and grandfather with some differences. Ibn al-Nadim mentioned his name as Muhammad b. Husayn b. Jumhur al-'Ammi and al-Najashi has mentioned his name as Muhammad b. Jumhur al-'Ammi. Al-Tusi has mentioned his name as Muhammad b. Jumhur al-'Ammi al-'Arabi al-Basri and also Muhammad b. Hasan b. Jumhur al-'Ammi al-Basri. He also mentioned that these names refer to one person and that he was from Banu 'Amm, a subtribe of the Tamim. Ibn Jumhur lived 110 years, but the date of his birth is not known.

He was certainly among the special companions of Imam al-Rida (a) and narrated from him.

Teachers and Sources

Ibn Jumhur narrated from:

Mu'alla b. Muhammad, Ali b. Muhammad, Husayn b. Muhammad al-Ash'ari, Ahmad b. Husayn b. Sa'id, Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Kufi, Abu Yahya Ahwazi, Ya'qub b. Yazid, 'Amraki b. 'Ali and others narrated hadiths from him.

Corruption of Beliefs and Weakness of Hadith

Ibn Jumhur has been called extremist and weak in hadith and faith. Also, al-Tusi mentioned him among those who have not narrated hadiths from the Infallible (a).

In Kamil al-Ziyarat, Ibn Qulawayh has narrated Ziyarah 'Ashura after two transmitters (Husayn b. Muhammad b. 'Amir and Mu'alla b. Muhammad) from him. Yaqut has described him with some verses which suggest his participation in parties and vain gatherings.

Ibn Dawud al-Hilli has seen a poem from Ibn Jumhur in which he considered the forbidden in religion permissible.

Works

His works have been mentioned as below:

  • Adab al-'ilm
  • Al-Risala al-dhahabiyya also called Tibb al-Rida (a).
  • Sahib al-Zaman
  • Al-Malahim (al-Malahim al-kabir)
  • Waqt khuruj al-Qa'im
  • Al-Wahida fi al-akhbar wa l-manaqib wa l-mathalib

References