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Qiyamat Sughra

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Al-Qiyamah al-Ṣughra (the Lesser Resurrection) (Arabic: القیامة الصغری) refers to the period between death and al-Qiyamah al-Kubra (the greater Resurrection).

Referring to this hadith of the Prophet (s) saying, "When a person dies, his resurrection will begin"[1], some scholars of theology believe that every person has two resurrections: A lesser resurrection and a greater resurrection.[2] The lesser resurrection of a person begins with his death and continues until the greater resurrection.[3] Some theological books use the expression "al-Qiayamah al-Sughra" to refer to Barzakh.[4]

According to verses of the noble Qur'an, the time of the greater resurrection is unknown and only God knows about it.[5] Fayd Kashani said that as soon as all humans die, the lesser resurrection will end and the greater resurrection will begin; but, the time when all people would die is known only by God.[6] According to hadiths, the lesser resurrection is peculiar to humans, while in the greater resurrection, all beings will be present.[7]

In some hadiths and Shi'a books, Raj'a is referred to as the lesser resurrection.[8] In the terminology of Islamic mysticism, the volitional death is referred to as the lesser resurrection.[9]

See Also

Notes

  1. Daylamī, Irshād al-Qulūb, vol. 1, p. 18.
  2. Makārim Shīrāzī, Tafsīr-i Nimūna, vol. 12, p. 155; Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, ʿIlm al-yaqīn, vol. 2, p. 1033; Sabziwārī, Asrār al-ḥikam, p. 428.
  3. Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, ʿIlm al-yaqīn, vol. 2, p. 1033; Sabziwārī, Asrār al-ḥikam, p. 428.
  4. Farhang-i Shīʿa, vol. 1, p. 410; Sajjādī, Farhang-i maʿārif-i Islāmī, vol. 1, p. 483.
  5. Makārim Shīrāzī, Tafsīr-i Nimūna, vol. 12, p. 155.
  6. Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, ʿIlm al-yaqīn, vol. 2, p. 308.
  7. Farhang-i Shīʿa, vol. 1, p. 483.
  8. Namāzī Shāhrūdī, Uṣūl al-Dīn, p. 127; Ṭāhirī, "Rajʿat yā qīyāmat-i ṣughrā", p. 30-33.
  9. Sajjādī, Farhang-i maʿārif-i Islāmī, vol. 3, p. 1555.

References

  • Daylamī, Ḥasan b. Muḥamamd al-. Irshād al-Qulūb. Qom: Intishārāt-i Sharīf al-Raḍī, 1412 AH.
  • Farhang-i Shīʿa. Group of Authors. Qom: Intishārāt-i Zamzam, 1385 Sh.
  • Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Muḥammad. ʿIlm al-yaqīn. Qom: Nashr-i Bīdār, 1418 AH.
  • Makārim Shīrāzī, Nāṣir. Tafsīr-i Nimūna. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmīyya, 1374 Sh.
  • Namāzī Shāhrūdī, ʿAlī. Uṣūl al-Dīn wa wasīlat al-nijāt. Mashhad: Nashr-i wilāyat, 1394 Sh.
  • Sabziwārī, Muḥammad Bāqir. Asrār al-ḥikam. Edited by Karīm Fayḍī. Qom: Maṭbūʿāt-i Dīnī, 1383 Sh.
  • Sajjādī, Jaʿfar. Farhang-i maʿārif-i Islāmī. Tehran: Nashr-i Kūmash, 1373 Sh.
  • Ṭāhirī, Ḥabīb Allāh. 1377 Sh. "Rajʿat yā qīyāmat-i ṣughrā". Majalay-i Rushd-i Muʿallim 136:30-33.