Ghadīr Sermon (Arabic: خطبة الغدير) is a sermon delivered by the Prophet (s) where he (s) introduced 'Ali (a) as the guardian of Muslims. The prophet (s) delivered this sermon on Dhu al-Hijja 18th of 10 AH (March 19th 632) on the return from Hajjat al-wida' [Hajj of Farewell] in a place called Ghadir Khumm. Many Shi'a and Sunni scholars have narrated this sermon.
Ghadir sermon is one of the proofs Shi'a bring for the guardianship of Imam 'Ali (a) after the Prophet (s). Shi'a also support their claim with other proofs and evidences.
The Hadith al-Ghadir is a part of this sermon where the Prophet (s) says, "Anyone I am his master, then 'Ali (a) is his master." Since, this phrase is narrated by more than 110 companions of the Prophet (s) and 84 Followers, it can be said that this hadith has been narrated as Mutawatir [frequent].
'Abd al-Husayn Amini collected all the references for this sermon and the hadith al-Ghadir from Sunni sources and published them together with all other supportive reasons for the event of Ghadir in 11 volumes in his book al-Ghadir. Continue reading...