Balaghat al-nisaʿ (book)
|Balaghat al-nisaʿ (book)|
|Original title||بلاغاتُ النّساء|
|Subject||Sayings of the prominent women of first three centuries|
Balāghāt al-nisāʿ (Arabic: بلاغات النساء, Eloquences of Women) is a book in Arabic, written by the Sunni historian Ibn Tayfur (204/819 – 280/893), in which eloquent sayings of the women of the first three centuries of Islamic history are collected.
This book is among the sources of Bihar al-anwar and al-Ghadir. Allama al-Majlisi has quoted the sermon of Lady Fatima (a) and the sermons of other ladies of Ahl al-Bayt (a) in Kufa and Damascus from this book.
Balaghat al-nisaʿ is in fact the eleventh volume of the book al-Manthūr wa-l-manẓūm (The Prose and the Poem).
- Main article: Ibn Tayfur
About fifty works are attributed to him, including the books Tarikh Baghdad (The History of Baghdad) and al-Manthur wa l-Manzum.
Reliability and Importance
Balaghat al-nisaʿ is a part of the eleventh volume of the book al-Manthur wa l-Manzum, which is printed separately. Although the author is a Sunni, Shiite scholars have quoted some of its contents in their works. Allama al-Majlisi, for instance, has quoted the speech of Lady Fatima (a) in Medina and the speeches of other ladies of Ahl al-Bayt (a) in Kufa and Damascus from this book.
The literary aspect of this book has been a matter of interest among literati. It is also said that this book illustrates the freedom of Muslim women and their awareness of social issues.
The book contains the sayings of the women of the first three centuries of Islamic history on social and political matters. Among the women whose sayings are collected in this book are the following:
- Sayings of ʿAʾisha, the daughter of Abu Bakr
- The speech of Lady Fatima (a) in the mosque of Medina and her speech in the gathering of the women of Medina
- The speech of Lady Zaynab (a) in the court of Yazid b. Muʿawiya
- The speech of Umm Kulthum in Kufa
- The sayings of Hafsa, the daughter of ʿUmar
Ibn Tayfur has also collected short sayings and poems of some women in special occasions, which include their praising or defaming their husbands, the advices of mothers to daughters about marriage, and the sayings of female Bedouins.
The book Balaghat al-nisaʿ was published in 1326/1908 by Madrasa Walida ʿAbbas publications. According to A. Arnaʿut, this edition was based on a manuscript held in Dar al-Kutub al-Misriyya, handwritten by Mahmud Pasha Barudi in 1297/1879, and annotated by Sayyid Ahmad Ulfi.
A manuscript of this book, handwritten by Shaykh Shanqiti, is held in Dar al-Kutub al-Misriyya.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from بلاغات النساء (کتاب) in Farsi Wikishia.