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Battle of al-Abwa'

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Battle of al-Abwa'
Date Safar, 2/August, 623
Location Al-Abwa' and Waddan
Result A peace treaty between Prophet (s) and Banu Damra
Cause To defeat the threat of Quraysh and Banu Damra
Belligerents
Army of Islam Banu Damra
Commanders
Prophet Muhammad (s) Mukhashshi b. 'Amr al-Damri
Strength
60 cavalry form Muhajirun Banu Damra
Casualties
0 0

Battle of al-Abwāʾ (Arabic: غزوة الأبواء) or Battle of Waddān (Arabic: غزوة وَدّان) was the first battle (ghazwa) of Prophet Muhammad (s) which occurred in Safar, 2/August, 623. The battle was launched in order to overcome the threats of Banu Damra (Arabic: بنو ضمرة). When the Damra tribe learned about the Prophet's (s) presence in the area, they asked for a peace treaty. On his way, the Prophet (s) made a peace treaty with them in al-Abwa'.

Al-Abwa'

Main article: Al-Abwa'

"Al-Abwa'" is a village near Waddan between Mecca and Medina. Amina bt. Wahb, the Prophet's (s) mother, was buried in al-Abwa'.

Date of the Battle

The battle, which is also known as Waddan, was the first battle between the Prophet (s) and polytheists which occurred in 2/623. Some people believe that the battle occurred in Safar, 2/August, 623, and others hold that it occurred after 12 months of the Prophet's (s) stay in Medina (about rabi' I, 2/September, 623).

The Prophet (s) appointed Sa'd b. 'Ubada as his successor in Medina and then left the city together with 60 cavalries of Muhajirun. No person from Ansar attended the battle. The flag of the Islamic army in this battle was held by Hamza b. 'Abd al-Muttalib.

When the Prophet (s) arrived in al-Abwa', there was no one from the Quraysh there. However, Banu Damra had arrived in the area in order to make a peace treaty with the Prophet (s). Mukhashshi b. 'Amr al-Damri (Arabic: مخشي بن عمرو الضمري), the head of the tribe at the time, signed a peace treaty with Muslims.

Contents of the Peace Treaty

In the peace treaty, it was agreed that:

  1. They should not gather armies against each other.
  2. They should not help each other's enemies.

Finally, after 15 nights from his travel, the Prophet (s) returned to Medina.

References