Fifteenth supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya
The fifteenth supplication of al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya (Arabic: الدعاء الخامس عشر من الصحيفة السجادية) is a supplication transmitted by Imam al-Sajjad (a), which he recited when he contracted a disease or was worried. In this supplication, the Imam (a) expresses his gratitude to God for the blessing of health or during disease, pointing to afterlife effects of disease, such as purification of sins. Moreover, he sees disease as a warning for repentance, taking the trust in God as the key to all closed doors.
This supplication is expounded thoroughly in such commentaries as Riyad al-salikin (in Arabic) by al-Sayyid 'Ali Khan al-Madani and Diyar-i ashiqan by Husayn Ansarian and Shuhud wa shinakht by Hasan Mamduhi Kirmanshahid (in Farsi).
The main theme of the fifteenth supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is the prayer during diseases, worries, and troubles. Imam al-Sajjad (a) is mainly concerned here with afterlife and spiritual effects of diseases and tragedies. Here are the doctrines of the fifteenth supplication, which are uttered by Imam al-Sajjad (a) within seven sections:
- Thankfulness of God for both health and disease (treating health and disease equally when thanking God)
- The greatness of the blessing of health and the decency of tolerance of diseases
- Thankfulness of vitality and power in worshiping God (exploiting the blessing of health in attracting God's gratitude)
- Disease as mitigating the effects of sins and preventing ignorance
- Effects of sins being purified by repentance and disease
- Diseases as warnings for repentance
- Reception of rewards in exchange for the tolerance of disease, and its being recorded by angels
- Gratitude for the blessing of health during disease
- Trust in God as the key to all closed doors
- God's blessings are unsparing.
In the commentaries of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya, such as Riyad al-salikin by Sayyid Ali Khan al-Madani,, Fi zilal al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya by Muhammad Jawad Mughniya, Riyad al-'arifin by Muhammad b. Muhammad al-Darabi, Afaq al-ruh by Muhammad Husayn Fadl Allah, the fifteenth supplication is explicated. The words used in the supplication is also elucidated in lexical commentaries such as Fayd Kashani's Ta'liqat 'ala l-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya and 'Izz al-Din al-Jaza'iri's Sharh al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya
The fifteenth supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is expounded in such commentaries as Diyar-i ashiqan by Husayn Ansarian, Shuhud wa shinakht by Muhammad Hasan Mamduhi Kirmanshahi, Sharh wa tarjumi-yi Sahifi-yi Sajjadiyya by Sayyid Ahmad Fihri, and some other books in Persian.
|For the full text, see text:Fifteenth supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya.|
- Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 2, p. 34.
- Translation and commentary of Fifteenth supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiya
- Anṣārīyān, Diyār-i āshiqān, vol. 5, p. 295-363; Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 2, p. 57-74.
- Madanī Shīrāzī, Rīyāḍ al-sālikīn, vol. 3, p. 75-100.
- Mughnīya, Fī zilāl al-Ṣaḥīfa, p. 203-208.
- Dārābī, Rīyāḍ al-ʿārifīn, p. 183-192.
- Faḍl Allāh, and Āfāq al-rūḥ, vol. 1, p. 351-360.
- Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Taʿlīqāt ʿalā l-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, p. 39-41.
- Jazā'irī, Sharh al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, p. 94-95.
- Anṣārīyān, Diyār-i āshiqān, vol. 5, p. 295-363.
- Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 2, p. 57-74.
- Fihrī, Sharḥ wa tarjuma-yi Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, vol.2 p. 109-114.
- Anṣārīyān, Ḥusayn. Dīyār-i Āshiqān: tafsīr-i jāmiʿ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Payām-i Āzādī, 1372 Sh.
- Dārābī, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad. Rīyāḍ al-ʿārifīn fī sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Edited by Ḥusayn Dargāhī. Tehran: Nashr-i Uswa, 1379 Sh.
- Faḍl Allāh, Sayyid Muḥammad Ḥusayn. Āfāq al-rūḥ. Beirut: Dār al-Mālik, 1420 AH.
- Fihrī, Sayyid Aḥmad. Sharḥ wa tarjuma-yi Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Nashr-i Uswa, 1388 Sh.
- Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Muḥammad b. al-Murtaḍā al-. Taʿlīqāt ʿalā l-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Muʾassisat al-Buḥūth wa l-Taḥqīqāt al-Thiqāfīyya, 1407 AH.
- Jazāʾirī, ʿIzz al-Dīn. Sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Beirut: Dār al-Taʿāruf li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1402 AH.
- Madanī Shīrāzī, Sayyid ʿAlīkhān. Rīyāḍ al-sālikīn fī sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa Sayyid al-Sājjidīn. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Nashr al-Islāmī, 1435 AH.
- Mughnīya, Muḥammad Jawād al-. Fī zilāl al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Qom: Dār al-Kitāb al-Islāmī, 1428 AH.
- Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 1, p. ; tarjuma wa sharḥ Ṣaḥīfa-yi Sajjādīyya. Qom: Būstān-i Kitāb, 1388 SH.