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Sanat al-Wufud

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Sanat al-wufūd (Arabic: سنة الوفود) or 'Ām al-wufūd (Arabic: عام الوفود), or the Year of Delegates is the 9th year after Hijra/(630). This is called so because after the conquest of Mecca (fath al-Makka), many delegates from different Arabian tribes went to the Prophet (s), and expressed their commitment to Islam, and were kindly received by the Prophet (s).

Lexicology

Both words "sane" (Arabic:سنة) and "'Am" (Arabic:عام) mean 'year', and "Wafd" (Arabic: وفد), the plural form of which is "wufud", means a delegate that goes to a ruler or a governor for an important matter.

The reason for naming

Before and after the 9th year of Hijra/630, delegates from different Arabian tribes went to the Prophet (s) to express their conversion to Islam, but it seems that most of these delegates went to the Prophet (s) in 9/630, which is the reason why it was called the Year of Delegates.

The delegates and the conversion to Islam

After the conquest of Mecca, many groups of people from different Arabian tribes went to Medina in order to visit the Prophet (s) and convert to Islam. They were kindly received by the Prophet (s). This led to a unification of the Arabian Peninsula, turning all the conflicts and quarrels into peace. In his I'lam al-wara, al-Tabrisi writes: "when the Thaqif tribe (people of Ta'if) converted to Islam, the other tribes sent groups of delegates to Medina and converted to Islam, as God had said in advance". This refers to the Qur'anic verse in which God has predicted the conquest of Mecca and the conversion of groups of people to Islam:

Before the 9th year of Hijra/630, some delegates went to the Prophet (s) as well. In his Tarikh (History), al-Ya'qubi mentions 26 tribes whose heads went to Medina with delegates.

Here are some of the delegates who went to the Prophet (s) and converted to Islam:

  • The delegate from the Assad tribe
  • The delegate from the Fazara tribe
  • The delegate of Hilal b. Amir
  • The delegate of Banu Kinana
  • The delegate of Tajib

The book, Tarikh-i payambar-i Islam (The history of the Prophet of Islam (s)) by Muhammad Ibrahim Ayati has a detailed account of these delegates.

Other important events of 9 A.H.

Main article: 9 AH
  • Six Sariyyas occurred in this year: "the sariyya of 'Uyayna b. Hisn al-Fazari," "the sariyya of Dahhak b. Sufyan al-Kilabi]]," the sariyya in which Thumama was captured, "the sariyya of 'Alqama b. Mujazzaz al-Mudliji, "the sariyya of Ali b. Abi Talib (a), and "the sariyya of 'Ukkasha b. Mihsan."
  • The Battle of Tabuk
  • Some rich people tried to excuse themselves from taking part in wars, but some Quranic verses were revealed about them:
  • Some hypocrites tried to discourage others from attending the wars, but a Quranic verse was revealed against them:

References

  • The material for writing this article is mainly taken from سنة الوفود in Farsi WikiShia.