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Al-Salawat Verse

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آیه صلوات.jpg
Verse's Information
Name Salawat verse
Sura al-Ahzab
Verse 56
Juz' 22
About A prayer for blessing the Prophet (s)

The ṣalawāt verse (Arabic: آية الصلوات) is the fifty-sixth verse of Sura al-Ahzab (Quran 33), which mentions that God and the angels bless the Prophet (s) and enjoins the believers to ask God to confer blessing upon him. Many Shiites recite salawat (a prayer for blessing the Prophet) upon hearing this verse. Reciting this verse is recommended after maghrib prayers.

According to Allama Tabatabai in al-Mizan, reciting salawat is in fact following God and the angels. In his Payam-i Qurʾan and based on a number of hadiths from Sunni sources, Ayatullah Makarim Shirazi mentions that including the family of the Prophet (s) in salawat is required.

Text and Translation

In al-Shaykh al-Tusi's Misbah al-mutahajjid, Reciting this verse has been recommended after maghrib prayers and after saying the tasbih of Lady Fatima (a).[1]

In Shiite religious culture of some regions such as Iran, this verse is recited loudly by one person after congregational prayers and the participants recite salawat three times.

Interpretation

Based on a number of hadiths mentioned in Shiite and Sunni sources, Allama Tabatabai states that the correct form of salawat is to ask God to bless the Prophet (s) and his family.[2] He also emphasizes that the believers, by saying salawat, in fact follow God and the angels in their blessing the Prophet (s). According to him, this verse is also an emphasis on the warning in the subsequent verse[3] that those who hurt God and His apostle are cursed in this world and the hereafter.[4]

In his Payam-i Quran, Ayatollah Makarim Shirazi mentions that, according to Shiite and Sunni hadiths, Muslims are to ask God to bless the family of the Prophet (s) together with the Prophet (s).[5] Sunni hadiths in this regard can be found in such sources as Sahih Bukhari,[6] Sahih Muslim,[7] Tafsi Durr al-manthur,[8] and Tafsir al-Tabari.[9]

According to a hadith quoted in al-Tabrisi’s Majmaʿ al-bayan, Imam al-Sadiq (a) said, “He who asks God to bless the Prophet (s), angels will ask God to bless him, they will erase ten of his sins, and write for him ten good deeds.”[10]

Evidence for the Obligatoriness of Salawat

According to Ayatollah Makarim Shirazi, the salawat verse indicates that saying salawat upon the Prophet (s) is obligatory at least once in one’s life.[11] Moreover, Shaykh Mansur Ali Nasif, a Sunni scholar and author of the book al-Taj al-jamiʿ li l-usul, is reported to have stated that scholars unanimously agree that this verse indicates, in its manifest meaning, that saying salawat upon the Prophet (s) is obligatory.[12]

Notes

  1. Ṭūsī, Miṣbāḥ al-mutahajjid, p. 85.
  2. Ṭabāṭabāʾī, al-Mīzān, vol. 16, p. 338.
  3. Qur'an 33:57.
  4. Ṭabāṭabāʾī, al-Mīzān, vol. 16, p. 338.
  5. Makārim Shīrāzī, Payām-i Qurʾān, vol. 9, p. 399-403.
  6. Bukhārī, Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī, p. 937, hadith 4797.
  7. Muslim Nayshābūrī. Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, vol. 1, p. 305, chapter 17, hadith 56.
  8. Suyūṭī, al-Durr al-manthūr, vol. 6, p. 646-647.
  9. Ṭabarī, Jāmiʾ al-bayān, vol. 19, p. 176.
  10. Ṭabrisī, Majmaʿ al-bayān, vol. 8, p. 579.
  11. Makārim Shīrāzī, Payām-i Imām Amīr al-Muʾminīn (a), vo. 3, p. 200.
  12. Makārim Shīrāzī, Payām-i Imām Amīr al-Muʾminīn (a), vo. 3, p. 200-201.

References

  • Bukhārī, Muḥammad b. Ismāʿīl al-. Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. Saudi Arabia: Bayt al-Afkār al-Dawlīyya li-Nashr wa al-Tawzīʿ, 1419 AH.
  • Muslim Nayshābūrī. Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim. Edited by Muḥammad fuʾād ʿAbd al-Bāqī . Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Kutub al-ʿArabīyya, 1412 AH.
  • Makārim Shīrāzī, Nāṣir. Payām-i Imām Amīr al-Muʾminīn (a). Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmīyya, 1386 Sh.
  • Makārim Shīrāzī, Nāṣir. Payām-i Qurʾān; rawish-i tāza-ī dar tafsīr muḍuʿī-yi Qurʾān. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmīyya, 1381 Sh.
  • Qummī, Abbās. Mafātīḥ al-jinān. Intishārāt-i Uswa; affiliated to Sāzmān-i Ḥaj wa Uqāf wa Umūr-i Khayrīyya, [n.d].
  • Suyūṭī, ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Abī Bakr al-. Al-Durr al-manthūr fī tafsīr al-maʾthūr. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1420 AH.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan. Miṣbāḥ al-mutahajjid. Beirut: Muʾassisat al-Aʿlamī, 1418 AH.
  • Ṭabrisī, Faḍl b. al-Ḥasan al-. Majmaʿ al-bayān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Beirut: Dār al-Maʿrifa, 1406 AH.
  • Ṭabarī, Muḥammad b. Jarīr al-. Jāmiʾ al-bayān ʿan taʾwīl āyāt al-Qurʾān. Edited by ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿAbd al-Muḥsin al-Turkī. Dār al-Hijr, 1422 AH. [n.p].
  • Ṭabāṭabāʾī, Sayyid Muḥammad Ḥusayn al-. Al-Mīzān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Beirut: Muʾassisat al-Aʿlamī li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1417 AH.