Tasbih of Lady Fatima (a)

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From wikishia

Tasbīḥ of Lady Fāṭīma (a) (Arabic: تسبيح الزهراء عليها السلام) is a special dhikr consisted of thirty-four times Allah Akbar (Arabic: الله أكبر lit: God is the greatest), thirty-three times al-Hamd li Allah (Arabic:الحمدلله, lit. Praise be to God) and thirty-three times Subhan Allah (Arabic: سبحان الله, lit. Glory be to God).

According to hadiths, Prophet Muhammad (s) taught Lady Fatima al-Zahra (a) this dhikr. There are many hadiths in hadith collections about the importance of Tasbih of Lady Fatima (a) after daily obligatory prayers.

Teaching Lady Fatima (a) the Tasbih

Al-Shaykh al-Saduq narrated from Imam Ali (a) that he and Lady Fatima (a) had gone to Prophet Muhammad (s) asking him for a servant helping them with household chores. Answering their request, the Prophet (s) taught Lady Fatima (a) this Tasbih and said that it was better than having a servant.[1]

Manner of recitation

Repetitions Arabic Transliteration Meaning
34 ٱللَّٰهُ أَكْبَرُ allāhu akbar God is the greatest.
33 ٱلْحَمْدُ لِلَّٰهِ alḥamdu lillāh Praise be to God.
33 سُبْحَانَ ٱللَّٰهِ subḥāna -llāh Glory be to God.

Rulings and Etiquettes

Tasbih of Lady Fatima (a) has some rulings and etiquettes:

  • Observation of number and sequence: first, Allah Akbar (God is the greatest) for thirty-four times, then, al-Hamd li Allah (Praise be to God) for thirty-three times, and Subhan Allah (Glory be to God) for thirty-three times;
  • Presence of heart;
  • Saying the Tasbih immediately after daily prayers without doing anything else or changing the posture;
  • No gaps or pauses should interrupt the Tasbih.

Importance of Tasbih of Lady Fatima (a) in Hadiths

Numerous hadiths have been narrated in hadith sources about the importance of this tasbih including:

  1. Abu Harun al-Makfuf narrated: Imam al-Sadiq (a) told me: O, Abu Harun! The same way we order our children to pray, we order them to [recite] Tasbih of Lady Fatima (a). So persist with this Tasbih, because every servant [of God] who persist with that will not be unhappy.[2]
  2. Imam al-Baqir (a) was quoted: whoever says the Tasbih of Lady Fatima (a), then ask for forgiveness, will be forgiven. For tongue, this Tasbih is one hundred [words] but is counted as one thousand Tasbih (glorification) in the scale of deed, takes Satan away and pleases the Merciful God.[3]
  3. Imam al-Baqir (a) was quoted: Regarding praising and remembering, God has not been worshiped by anything better than Tasbih of Lady Fatima (a). If there were better act, the Apostle of God (s) would have introduced that to Lady Fatima (a).[4]
  4. It is narrated from Imam al-Sadiq (a) that, whoever glorify God one hundred times after a compulsory prayer by Tasbih of Lady Fatima (a) and says "la ilaha illa Allah" once after that, will be forgiven.[5]
  5. In another hadith he (a) was quoted that: Tasbih of Lady Fatima (a), every day after every prayer, is more pleasant to God than one thousand rak'as of prayer in every day.[6]
  6. Imam al-Sadiq (a) is quoted: whoever says the Tasbih of Lady Fatima (a) after a compulsory prayer before changing his posture [of praying], God will forgive him.[7]

See Also


  1. Ṣadūq, Man lā yaḥḍurh al-faqīh, vol. 1, p. 320.
  2. Ṣadūq, Thawāb al-aʿmāl, p. 315.
  3. Ṣadūq, Thawāb al-aʿmāl, p. 315.
  4. Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, Wasāʾil al-Shīʿa, vol. 4, p. 1024.
  5. Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, Wasāʾil al-Shīʿa, vol. 4, p. 1021.
  6. Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, Wasāʾil al-Shīʿa, vol. 4, p. 1024.
  7. Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, Wasāʾil al-Shīʿa, vol. 4, p. 1022.


  • Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Wasāʾil al-Shīʿa. Edited by ʿAbd al-Raḥīm Rabbānī Shīrāzī. fifth edition. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, 1403 AH-1983.
  • Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī. Man lā yaḥḍurh al-faqīh. Edited by ʿAlī Akbar Ghaffārī. Second edition. Qom: Daftar-i Nashr-i Islāmī, 1413 AH.
  • Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī. Thawāb al-aʿmāl wa ʿiqāb al-aʿmāl. Translated by Muḥammad Riḍā Anṣārī. Qom: Nashr-i Nasīm-i Kawthar, 1382 Sh.