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Watr prayer

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Watr prayer is a one-rak'a prayer in the 11-rak'a night prayer.[1] This prayer together with Shaf' prayer are considered the most meritorious part of night prayer[2] and Watr prayer is considered having more merits than shaf’ prayer.[3] Some sources believe that “watr” refers to the three-rak’as of shaf’ and watr.[4] The word “watr” which is also pronounced “witr” means “single” and is against the meaning of “shaf’”.[5]

Rules Regarding Watr Prayer

Watr is the only one-rak’a recommended prayer.[6] Some have considered it recommended to recite Allah-u Akbar seven times at the beginning of it.[7] Also, after sura al-Fatiha, one can recite sura al-Ikhlas[8] three times together with suras al-Falaq and sura al-Nas.[9]

In Qunut of Watr prayer, different supplications are recommended to be recited, which are considered by al-Shaykh al-Tusi as innumerable.[10] It is advised for the praying person to be crying out of fear for the punishment of his sins or to be in such an emotional state; but, he should not cry for worldly affairs.[11] Also, it is advised to ask God for forgiveness of forty believers or more, so that the supplicant’s request will also be fulfilled.[12] Another advice to follow in qunut is lifting up the left hand and counting dhikrs with the right hand.[13] Seventy times of Istighfar[14] and 300 times saying the dhikr “al-‘Afw” [“forgive [me]!”] are also among recommended acts in qunut of Watr prayer.[15] In addition to these, cursing the enemies before asking for forgiveness is advised in Watr prayer.[16]

After qunut and ruku’ and before prostration, reciting a supplication al-Shaykh al-Tusi has mentioned in al-Tahdhib is considered as recommended.[17]

Tasbih of Lady Fatima al-Zahra (a) is recommended to be recited after the prayer.[18] Recitation of other supplications in the books of supplication are also recommended.[19]

According to some sources, for a person who cannot perform Watr prayer for any reason, Wutayra prayer after 'Isha prayer is considered as a compensation for the reward of Watr prayer.[20]

Notes

  1. Ṣadūq, Man lā yaḥḍuruh al-faqīh, vol. 1, p. 489.
  2. Khomeinī, Taḥrīr al-wasīla, vol. 1, p. 136.
  3. Najafī, Jawāhir al-kalām, vol.4, p. 28.
  4. Hamadānī, Miṣbāḥ al-faqīh, vol. 2, p. 8.
  5. Qarashī Banāʾī, Qāmūs-i Qurʾān, vol. 7, p. 178; Kafʿamī, al-Miṣbāḥ, p. 342.
  6. Sīstānī, al-Masāʾil al-muntakhaba, p. 112.
  7. Ṭūsī, Miṣbāḥ al-mutahajjid, p. 152.
  8. Qummī, Mafātīḥ al-jinān, p. 758.
  9. Qummī, Mafātīḥ al-jinān, p. 758.
  10. Ṭūsī, Miṣbāḥ al-mutahajjid, p. 152; Qummī, Mafātīḥ al-jinān, p. 759.
  11. Ṭūsī, Miṣbāḥ al-mutahajjid, p. 152.
  12. Ṭūsī, Miṣbāḥ al-mutahajjid, p. 155; Qummī, Mafātīḥ al-jinān, p. 759.
  13. Ṣadūq, Man lā yaḥḍuruh al-faqīh, vol. 1, p. 489; Qummī, Mafātīḥ al-jinān, p. 759.
  14. Ṣadūq, Man lā yaḥḍuruh al-faqīh, vol. 1, p. 489.
  15. Ṭūsī, Miṣbāḥ al-mutahajjid, p. 155; Qummī, Mafātīḥ al-jinān, p. 759.
  16. Ṣadūq, Man lā yaḥḍuruh al-faqīh, vol. 1, p. 489.
  17. Qummī, Mafātīḥ al-jinān, p. 759.
  18. Qummī, Mafātīḥ al-jinān, p. 760.
  19. Ṭūsī, Miṣbāḥ al-mutahajjid, p. 152; Qummī, Mafātīḥ al-jinān, p. 759.
  20. Ṣadūq, ʿIlal al-sharāʾiʿ, vol. 2, p. 330-331.

References

  • Hamadānī, Āqā Riḍā. Miṣbāḥ al-faqīh. Qom: Muʾassisa Jaʿfarīyya, [n.d].
  • Kafʿamī, Ibrāhīm b. ʿAlī al-. Al-Miṣbāḥ-Junnat al-amān al-wāqīya wa jannat al-īmān al-bāqīya. Qom: Zāhidī, 1405 AH.
  • Khomeinī, Sayyid Rūḥ Allāh. Taḥrīr al-wasīla. Najaf: Ādāb, [n.d].
  • Qummī, Abbās. Mafātīḥ al-jinān. Edited by Shaykh ʿAlī Kawthar. Qom: Majmaʿ Iḥyāʾ al-Thiqāfat al-Islāmiya, [n.d].
  • Qarashī Banāʾī, ʿAlī Akbar. Qāmūs-i Qurʾān. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmīyya, 1412 AH.
  • Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-. Man lā yaḥḍuruh al-faqīh. Qom: Jāmiʿat al-Mudarrisīn-i fī al-Ḥawza-yi al-ʿIlmiyya, [n.d].
  • Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-. ʿIlal al-sharāʾiʿ. Najaf: Manshurāt al-Maktaba al-Ḥaydariyya, 1386 AH.
  • Sīstānī, Sayyid ʿAlī. Al-Masāʾil al-muntakhaba. Najaf: Maktabat Āyat Allāh Sīstānī, 1414 AH.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥamamd b. al-Ḥasan al-. Miṣbāḥ al-mutahajjid. Beirut: Muʾassisat Fiqh al-Shīʿa, 1411 AH.