Watr prayer is a one-rak'a prayer in the 11-rak'a night prayer. This prayer together with Shaf' prayer are considered the most meritorious part of night prayer and Watr prayer is considered having more merits than shaf’ prayer. Some sources believe that “watr” refers to the three-rak’as of shaf’ and watr. The word “watr” which is also pronounced “witr” means “single” and is against the meaning of “shaf’”.
Rules Regarding Watr Prayer
Watr is the only one-rak’a recommended prayer. Some have considered it recommended to recite Allah-u Akbar seven times at the beginning of it. Also, after sura al-Fatiha, one can recite sura al-Ikhlas three times together with suras al-Falaq and sura al-Nas.
In Qunut of Watr prayer, different supplications are recommended to be recited, which are considered by al-Shaykh al-Tusi as innumerable. It is advised for the praying person to be crying out of fear for the punishment of his sins or to be in such an emotional state; but, he should not cry for worldly affairs. Also, it is advised to ask God for forgiveness of forty believers or more, so that the supplicant’s request will also be fulfilled. Another advice to follow in qunut is lifting up the left hand and counting dhikrs with the right hand. Seventy times of repentance and 300 times saying the dhikr “al-‘Afw” [“forgive [me]!”] are also among recommended acts in qunut of Watr prayer. In addition to these, cursing the enemies before asking for forgiveness is advised in Watr prayer. After qunut and ruku’ and before prostration, reciting a supplication al-Shaykh al-Tusi has mentioned in al-Tahdhib is considered as recommended.
Tasbih of Lady Fatima al-Zahra (a) is recommended to be recited after the prayer. Recitation of other supplications in the books of supplication are also recommended.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from fa: in Farsi WikiShia.