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Muwālāt (succession), (Arabic: الموالاة) is a term in jurisprudence meaning "not to make a long pause between the acts of one task". Observing muwalat in wudu' and prayer is among requirements for their correctness, but it is not obligatory in sequential ghusl.
Some jurists have considered it obligatory to observe muwalat between the elements of a religious formula of contracts.
Muwalat is derived from the root of "wa-la-ya" (وَلَیَ) meaning "adherence between two things". In jurisprudential terminology, "muwalat" is doing acts of a task successively and without an unusual pause or in another statement it means that each action must be performed one after the other, without interruption between the actions.
Cases of Obligation
Observing muwalat in some acts of worship such as wudu' and prayer is among requirements for their correctness.
Elements of payer such as recitation, ruku' and prostration, etc. should be performed successively, without any unusual pause between them. Making a long pause between them in a way that people do not consider it prayer anymore invalidates the prayer, even if it happens unintentionally or inadvertently.
Observing muwalat in the acts of wudu' is among the requirements of its correctness meaning that the person should not make such a long pause that in normal weather, previous parts of wudu' become dry. Thus, if due to hot weather or wind, previous parts of wudu' become dry, muwalat is not harmed.
Adhan and Iqamah
Based on the fatwa of the majority of Shi'a jurists, adhan and iqamah are recommended, but the requirement for their correctness is observing muwalat between their phrases, meaning that every phrase should be said immediately after another and the pause between them should not be unusually long.
Muwalat in Ghusl
Ghusl can be performed in two methods, sequential and by immersion.
In sequential ghusl that first the head and neck and then the right side of the body and then the lift side are washed, observing muwalat is not a condition, meaning that a person can make pauses between washing different parts of the body. But, in ghusl by immersion in which the body is immersed into water at once, observing muwalat is a condition for correctness of ghusl.
Muwalat in Religious Contracts
Religious contracts such as selling, buying and marriage have two parts of offer and acceptance, meaning that expressing consent by each party is required to be performed using a certain formula for binding these contracts. Some jurists consider muwalat between these parts obligatory.
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