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Ghufayla Prayer (Arabic: صلاة الغُفَیلة) is a well-known supererogatory prayer consisting of two rak'as (units) which is performed between the maghrib prayer and the 'isha prayer. According to hadiths, this prayer is effective in one's requests from God being responded to and one's sins being forgiven by God.
The Meaning of Ghufayla
The word, "ghufayla" (غُفَیلَة), is the diminutive (musaghghar) noun form derived from "ghafla" (غَفلَة) meaning a small neglect. According to a hadith from the Prophet Muhammad (s), the time between maghrib and isha' prayers is the time of neglecting God, and this is why the Ghufayla prayer, which is said in this time, is called "ghufayla". Imam al-Sadiq (a) taught the best manner of saying this recommended prayer to Hisham b. Salim, which is cited in Mafatih al-jinan.
In many mosques in Iran, Ghufayla prayer is said between the congregational prayers of maghrib and isha'.
Some Shiite scholars of fiqh (jurisprudence) hold that the well-known Ghufayla prayer is not independent from the nafila of the maghrib prayer, and so it can be intended as the two rak'as of its nafila.
Reward and Effects
In a hadith from Imam al-Sadiq (a) narrated by Hisham b. Salim regarding the way the Ghufayla prayer should be performed, it is said that if one performs these two rak'as between maghrib and isha' prayers and recite this supplication and asks God to respond to his or her requests, then God will respond to their request and give them whatever they want. The chain of the narration of this hadith is said to be reliable.
How to Say the Prayer
This two-rak'a prayer should be said after the maghrib prayer before the redness of the sky on its eastern part is gone. Ghufayla prayer should be said as follows:
In the second rak'a, after reciting Sura al-Hamd, the Quranic verse, 6:59, should be recited:
And then in the qunut, the following supplication should be recited:
The verse recited after Sura al-Hamd in the first rak'a of this prayer is known as the Yunusiyya dhikr (recitation of Jonah), because this is the supplication recited by the prophet Yunus (a) (Jonah) when he was swallowed by a great fish and asked God to help him out. The verse recited in the second rak'a of the prayer is concerned with the secrets of the unseen and the divine omniscience and omnipotence and the scope of God's power and rule.
Repentance of Yazid
Some people claim that when Yazid b. Mu'awiya murdered Imam Husayn (a) and witnessed people's dissatisfaction about the event, he asked Imam al-Sajjad (a) if there was a way for him to be saved from this sin. The Imam (a) told him that he could perform the repentance by saying the Ghufayla prayer. Lady Zaynab (a) asked the Imam (a) why he taught the way of repentance to the murderer of his father. Imam Sajjad (a) replied that Yazid will not be able to say the Ghufayla prayer.
This hadith is not cited in reliable collections of hadiths, and its content has been subject to objections.
- And remember Dhu l-Nun, when he departed in wrath: He imagined that We had no power over him! But he cried through the depths of darkness, "There is no god but thou; glory to Thee; I was indeed wrong!" * So We listened to him, and delivered him from distress, and thus do We deliver those who have faith.
- With Him are the keys of the unseen, the treasures that none knows but He. He knows whatever there is on the earth and in the sea. Not a leaf does fall but with His knowledge: there is not a grain in the darkness (or depths) of the earth, nor anything fresh or dry (green or withered), but is (inscribed) in a record clear
- O' God, I ask You by appealing to the keys of the unseen that no one knows but You to send Your regards to Muhammad and his household
- O' God, You are my benefactor, You are able to meet my need; You know my need, so I ask you by appeal to Muhammad and his household, peace be upon him and upon them, to meet my needs
- The material for this article is mainly taken from نماز غفیله in Farsi WikiShia.