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Tajāfī (Arabic: تجافي) or tajāfī position, is the half-standing posture of the praying person upon tashahhud of the Imam of congregational prayer. Opening the elbows upon ruku' and prostration are also called tajafi.

Tajafi in tashahhud in a congregational prayer
  • In tashahhud: If a person joins the congregational prayer in the second rak'a or at the end of the prayer, he should perform tajafi upon tashahhud of the Imam of congregational prayer; i.e. he should put the fingers of both hands and feet on the ground and raise the knees.
According to some religious authorities including Ayatullah Khamene'i, Ayatullah Makarem Shirazi, Ayatullah Vahid Khorasani and Ayatullah Sistani, tajafi is obligatory based on caution upon joining in tashahhud of the second rak'a; but, in the fourth rak'a, the praying person can either perform tajafi or stand up and perform the rest of the prayer. Upon tajafi, the praying person can either stay silent or say tashahhud or another dhikr.
  • In ruku' and prostration: tajafi is opening the elbows which is recommended for men.


  • The material for this article is mainly taken from تجافی in Farsi WikiShia.