Hind bt. Utba
|Hind bt. Utba|
|Full Name||Hind bt. Utba b. Rabi'a|
|Well Known As||The liver-eater|
|Well-Known Relatives||Abu Sufyan, Mu'awiya|
|Place of Birth||Mecca|
|Conversion to Islam||Conquest of Mecca|
|Presence at Ghazwas||In the Battle of Uhud she was in the camp of polytheists, in the Battle of Yarmuk in Muslims camp|
|Notable Roles||She mutilated the body of Hamza (a) and bit his liver|
Hind, daughter of Utba known as Hind, "the liver-eater" (d. 14/635) was the wife of Abu Sufyan and mother of Mu'awiya. Hind is described beautiful, clever and a poet. She lost her father, uncle and brother in the battle of Badr. She participated in the battle of Uhud and encouraged polytheists to fight with Muslims. At the end of the war, she mutilated the body of Hamza (a) and bit his liver. She also made necklace and bracelet for herself using the ears and noses of Muslim martyrs. Hind became Muslim after the conquest of Mecca. She participated in the battle of Yarmouk and died at the time of the Second Caliph.
Lineage and Family
Hind was daughter of one of the chiefs of Quraysh named Utba b. Rabi'a b. Abd Shams. Mother of Hind was Safiyya, daughter of Umayya b. Haritha. Hind was the wife of Abu Sufyan and the mother of Mu'awiya. She was considered among the most beautiful and wisest women of Quraysh who was very clever. Some sources have quoted different poems from her.
The Prophet (s) and Muslims called her "Akilat al-Akbad" because she bit the liver of Hamza, Sayyid al-Shuhada and this title was also used for the children of Hind and they were called the "children of the liver-eater woman" (Ibn Akilat al-Akbad).
Hind first married Hafs b. Mughayra al-Makhzumi. But, after a while, they divorced, about the reason and story of which some reports are mentioned in the sources. From her first marriage, she had a son named Aban.
After divorcing from Hafs, Hind criticized her father who made her marry someone without consulting her. Therefore, Hind put a condition that suitors should be introduced to her first and described for her, so that she could choose from among them. Hind chose Abu Sufyan from among the suitors.
Hind bore two sons from Abu Sufyan named Mu'awiya and Utba and two daughters named Juwayriyya and Umm al-Hakam.
Battle of Badr
Utba b. Rabi'a (Hind's father), Shayba (Hind's uncle) and Walid (Hind's brother) were killed in the battle of Badr. Hind composed several elegies for her killed family members, especially for her father. She also went to meetings of Quraysh and spoke about revenge and urged people to war.
Participation in the Battle of Uhud
Hind participated in the battle of Uhud. She stood in the middle of the army of Mecca and urged people to fight and not to escape. To urge polytheists, Hind recited the following poem,
- We are daughters of the morning star. If you fight bravely, we open arms and spread beds. If you turn away from the battlefield, we too will keep away from you."
Without mentioning the reciter, al-Tabari mentioned the poem.
Mutilation of Hamza and Other Martyrs of Uhud
After the end of the battle of Uhud and the victory of the polytheists of Mecca, Hind tore the chest and stomach of Hamza (a) and bit his liver and took it with some other limbs mutilated from his body with herself to Mecca.
About mutilation of the body of Hamza (a), Hind composed,
- There was a grief I had, which was relived by Hamza (a) in Uhud. When I tore his stomach and took out his liver. It relieved the intense grief which was burning me."
Because of this event, Muslims called Hind "Akilat al-Akbad" (the liver-eater).
In addition to Hamza (a), the bodies of all Muslims martyred in Uhud, except Hanzala b. Abi 'Amir whose father was among the polytheists were mutilated by Hind and other women present in the army of disbelievers and Hind made necklace and bracelet for herself using the ears and noses of Muslim martyrs.
Becoming Muslim during the Conquest of Mecca
Some sources considered Hind among those who were not given safe passage by the Prophet (s) during the conquest of Mecca and called them "wasted blood". After the conquest of Mecca, Hind became Muslim. She went to the Prophet (s) while she had covered her face and declared Islam and then uncovered her face. The Prophet (s) told Hind, "do not associate any partner with God, do not commit adultery and do not steal."
After becoming Muslim, Hind went to her house, broke her idol and said, "we were conceited because of you."
Some sources considered her acceptance of Islam genuine. But, some doubted if she really became Muslim.
After Becoming Muslim and Her Death
After Hind became Muslim, the Prophet (s) asked her, "how do you see Islam?" Hind answered, "Islam is the best except three issues it has: bowing down, head cover and the shout of this black slave on top of Ka'ba (pointing to calling adhan by Bilal al-Habashi)." The Prophet (s) said, "Without bowing, prayer is void. That black slave is a good servant of God; and about head cover, what can cover better than the head cover?"
Some sources considered her death in 14/635, during the rule of the Second Caliph. Some other sources considered her death during the rule of Uthman.
Different movies and TV series are made about the early Islam in which Hind, daughter of Utba is one of their personalities.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from هند دختر عتبه in Farsi WikiShia.