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Izala of najasa

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Izāla of najāsa (Arabic: إزالة النجاسة) means “removing najasa”. It is obligatory to remove najasa from the body and clothes of the person performing prayer and the one circumambulating the Kaaba, the place of prostration, the mosque, the Qur'an, the shrines of Imams (a), the body and shroud of the dead person, and the body parts in wudu and ghusl; however, the intention of closeness to God is not required.

According to the majority viewpoint of Shiite jurists, removing najasa from the animal’s body is one of the purifying agents, and when the animal’s body becomes najis, it becomes purified by removing the najasa.

Meaning and significance

Izala of najasa means removing najasa from something which has become najis in contact with one of the ten intrinsically najis objects (blood, urine, feces, semen, dead body, dog, pig, disbeliever, liquor, and fuqqa') or in contact with an extrinsically najis object (something which has become najis in contact with najasa).

The removal of najasa has been discussed about more in discussions of purity and daily prayer. In removal of najasa, the intention of closeness to God is not required.

Removal of najasa is performed using one of the purifiers such as water, the earth or the sun. Also, according to the majority viewpoint of Shiite jurists, the body of an animal which has become najis in contact with najasa or extrinsically najis object is purified by removing the intrinsically najis object from it.

Rulings

Removal of najasa from any usable object or place is desirable; and, in some cases, it is obligatory, such as:

  • Mosques: Removing najasa from the mosque is an urgent obligation and it is not permissible to postpone it; so, in case it has conflict with other duties such as a prayer with fixed time, it takes precedence over them. According to the fatwas of Shiite jurists, removing najasa from the mosque is a collective obligation and is not assigned to the one who has made the mosque najis; rather, it is obligatory on everyone.
  • Place of prostration: According to the majority viewpoint of mujtahids, removing najasa from the place of prostration (where the person performing prayer places his forehead) is a required condition for the validity of the prayer. Abu l-Salah al-Halabi, one of the Shiite jurists, considered the removal of najasa from the seven places of prostration obligatory.
  • Daily prayer: Removing najasa from the body (even the nails and hair) and from clothes for prayer is obligatory and is one of the required conditions for the validity of prayer.
  • The Qur'an and the shrines of Imams (a): It is obligatory to remove najasa from the Qur'an, the shrines of Imams (a) and everything that is venerated in Islam and its insult or disrespect is prohibited.
  • Body and shroud of a dead person: It is obligatory to remove najasa from a dead person’s body and shroud which has become najis, even if the dead body is buried. According to the Muhammad Hasan al-Najafi, Muhaqqiq Ardabili considered it obligatory to remove najasa from the body of a dead person before burial.
  • Body parts in wudu and ghusl: It is obligatory to remove najasa from the body parts in wudu and ghusl; because, the purity of body parts in wudu and ghusl is one of the required conditions for the validity of wudu and ghusl.

See Also

References