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Irtimas (immersion)

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Irtimās (Arabic: اِرتماس , lit: Immersion) is a term in jurisprudence meaning immersion of the head[1] about which there are discussions in jurisprudential books in the parts of tahara (purity), hajj and fasting[2]. According to Shi'a jurists, immersion of the head in the water is forbidden for a person wearing ihram and a person who is fasting[3]. Also, some have considered immersion among the invalidators of fasting[4].

  • If one does not immerse one's head in the water intentionally, irtimas is not occured and one's fasting and hajj are not invalidated[5] .
  • According to a group of jurists, based on caution, immersing the head in mudaf water is also considered irtimas[6].
  • According to some, if the scull of the head is out of the water upon immersing the head in water, the fating is valid[7].
  • There is no difference in immersing the head in water at once or gradually[8].

The word "irtimas" is mentioned in the discussions of Immersional ghusl, wudu irtimasi and in some hadiths meaning immersion in sins[9].

Notes

  1. Shāhrūdī, Farhang-i fiqh muṭābiq bā madhhab-i Ahl al-Bayt, p. 346.
  2. Shāhrūdī, Farhang-i fiqh muṭābiq bā madhhab-i Ahl al-Bayt, p. 346.
  3. Shāhrūdī, Farhang-i fiqh muṭābiq bā madhhab-i Ahl al-Bayt, p. 346; Risāla tawḍīh al-masāʾil-i marāji, vol. 1, p. 1137.
  4. Risāla tawḍīh al-masāʾil-i marāji, vol. 1, p. 1137.
  5. Fāḍil Lankarāni, Iḍāḥ al-kifāya, vol. 3, p. 108; Risāla tawḍīh al-masāʾil-i marāji, vol. 1, p. 1137.
  6. Risāla tawḍīh al-masāʾil-i marāji, vol. 1, p. 1137.
  7. Risāla tawḍīh al-masāʾil-i marāji, vol. 1, p. 1137.
  8. Risāla tawḍīh al-masāʾil-i marāji, vol. 1, p. 1137.
  9. Risāla tawḍīh al-masāʾil-i marāji, vol. 1, pp. 201, 278; Ḥakīm, Miṣbāḥ al-minhāj, vol. 3, p. 545; Jabaʿī al-ʿĀmilī, al-durr al-manẓūm min kalām al-maʿṣūm, p. 444.

References

  • Banī Ḥāshimī Khumaynī, Sayyid Ḥasan. Risāla tawḍīh al-masāʾil-i marājiʿ. First edition. Qom: Daftar-i Intisharat Islami, 1392 Sh.
  • Fāḍil Lankarāni, Muḥammad. Iḍāḥ al-kifāya. Fifth edition. Qom: Nūh Publications, 1385 Sh.
  • Fīrūz Ābādī, Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb. Al-Qāmūs al-muḥiṭ. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1415 AH.
  • Ḥakīm, Muhammad Sa'īd,al-. Misbah al-minhaj. [n.p]: al-Minar Inistitute, 1417 AH.
  • Jabaʿī al-ʿĀmilī, ʿAlī b. Muḥammad. Al-durr al-manẓūm min kalām al-maʿṣūm. Qom: Dār al-Ḥadīth, 1384 Sh.
  • Shāhrūdī, Sayyid Maḥmūd. Farhang-i fiqh muṭābiq bā madhhab-i Ahl al-Bayt. Qom: Muʾassisat Dāʾirat al-Maʿārif al-Fiqh al-Islāmī, 1426 AH.