Priority: c, Quality: b

Husayn b. Musa b. Ja'far (a)

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Descendant of Imam
Husayn b. Musa b. Ja'far (a)
Husayn b. Musa; Tabas.jpg
Well-Known As 'Ala' al-Din, al-Mafqud
Father Musa b. Ja'far (a)
Mother Umm walad
Place(s) of Residence Medina
Children Abu al-Qasim and 'Ubayd Allah
Place of Burial Tabas or Shiraz
Age 24 or 25

Ḥusayn b. Mūsā b. Jaʿfar (a) (Arabic:حسين بن موسی بن جعفر) was one of the children of Imam Musa al-Kazim (a) and the brother of Imam al-Rida (a). He was among transmitters of hadiths and transmitted hadiths from Imam al-Kazim (a), Imam al-Rida (a) and his mother. According to a report, he loved Imam al-Jawad (a) more than other children of Imam al-Kazim (a). In some cities of Iran, there are shrines attributed to him, most important one of which are in Shiraz and Tabas. In Shiraz, he is known as 'Ala' al-Din Husayn and in Tabas, he is known as Mafqud.

His Lineage and Origin

Father of Husayn was Imam Musa b. Ja'far (a) and his mother was umm walad (concubine).[1] In Bihar al-anwar, 'Allama Majlisi has narrated a report based on which his mother is considered among transmitters of hadiths too. His titles were Mafqud[2] and 'Ala' al-Din.[3] Maybe, the title of 'Ala' al-Din has been attributed to Husayn b. Musa (a) in late 4th century AH when adding "al-Din" to names has been common.[4]

His Position in Rijal and Hadith

Some scholars in rijal and hadith have considered Husayn b. Musa (a) among reliable transmitters of hadiths. He transmitted hadiths from his father, Imam Musa al-Kazim (a) and his own brother, Imam al-Rida (a).[5]

There are hadiths about "permissibility of Friday ghusl on Thursday in some cases",[6] "merits and benefits of putting henna",[7] "fear of the believers",[8] "financial and social situation of Ja'far b. 'Umar al-Alawi in the future",[9] "God's mercy in the actions' log of the believers",[10] "benefitting to the children of the Prophet (s)",[11] "paying workers"[12] the name of Husayn b. Musa (a) exist in the chain of their narration.

Also, in Qurb al-isnad, there is a hadith according to which, Imam al-Jawad (a) was asked which one of your uncles do more goodness toward you and he (a) answered, Husayn. Imam al-Rida (a) approved this when he (a) heard it.[13] Husayn considered Imam al-Jawad (a) the successor of the Prophet (s) and att he presence of Ali b. Ja'far (a), defended this idea in an argument with an Arab man. In another narration, he asks Imam al-Jawad (a) about his ring and Imam (a) answers, "This is the ring of prophet Sulayman (a)."[14]

His Martyrdom

At the time of martyrdom, he was almost a young man of 24 or 25 years old. However, another report suggests that he was martyred at the age of 13,[15] but historical evidences do not approve of it.

There are different reports about the way he was martyred.

Place of Burial

The attributed tomb of Husayn b. Musa in Shiraz
he attributed tomb of Husayn b. Musa (known as Husayn al-Mafqud) in Tabas

There are different opinions about the place of his burial. Some believe that he passed away in Kufa. Some consider Shiraz as the place of his burial. Some other say that he is buried in Tabas. In addition to Shiraz and Tabas, there are shrines attributed to him in Kerman, Behbahan, Qazvin, Sari and Kajur.[16]

His Children

Some scholars of genealogy believe that no children left after Husayn b. Musa (a).[17] However, some others including Jalma b. 'Inaba in 'Umdat al-talib and 'Abd al-Rahman Kiya in Siraj al-ansab mentioned Abu al-Qasim and 'Ubayd Allah among his children.[18] Some other sources have listed 'Abd Allah and Muhammad among his children as well.[19]

Notes

  1. Rajāʾī, al-Kawākib al-mashriqīyya, vol. 1, p. 724.
  2. Rajāʾī, al-Kawākib al-mashriqīyya, vol. 1, p. 724.
  3. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 48, p. 312.
  4. ʿIrfānmanish, Muhājirān-i Musawī, p. 275.
  5. See: Ṣadūq, ʿUyūn akhbār al-Riḍā, vol. 2, p. 353; Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 3, p. 76; vol. 6, p. 506.
  6. Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 3, p. 42.
  7. Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 6, p. 509.
  8. Ibn ʿUqda, Faḍāil Amīr al-muʾminīn, p. 116.
  9. Ṣadūq, ʿUyūn akhbār al-Riḍā, vol. 2, p. 208.
  10. Ṭūsī, al-Amālī, p. 571.
  11. Ṭūsī, al-Amālī, p. 355.
  12. Ibn Ṭāwūs, Ṭuraf min al-anbāʾ wa l-manāqib, p. 187.
  13. Ḥimyarī, Qurb al-isnād, p. 378.
  14. Ibn Ṭāwūs, Saʿd al-suʿūd, p. 236.
  15. Khānmalik, Baḥr al-ansāb, p. 55.
  16. ʿIrfānmanish, Muhājirān-i Musawī, p. 280-283.
  17. Zarandī, Maʿārij al-wuṣūl, p. 153.
  18. Rajāʾī, al-Kawākib al-mashriqīyya, vol. 1, p. 724.
  19. ʿAbīdlī, Tahdhīb al-ansāb, p. 166.

References

  • ʿAbīdlī, Muḥammad b. Abī Jaʿfar al-. Tahdhīb al-ansāb wa nihāyat al-aʿqāb. Edited by Maḥmūd Kāẓim al-Maḥmūdī. Second edition. Qom: Maktabat Āyatullāh Marʿashī al-Najafī, 1428 AH.
  • Ḥimyarī, ʿAbd Allāh b. Jaʿfar al-. Qurb al-isnād. Qom: Muʾassisat Āl al-Bayt, 1413 AH.
  • Ibn Ṭāwūs, ʿAlī b. Mūsā. Saʿd al-suʿūd li-l-nufūs al-manḍūd. Qom: Dār al-Dhakhāʾir, [n.d].
  • Ibn Ṭāwūs, ʿAlī b. Mūsā. Ṭuraf min al-anbāʾ wa l-manāqib. Mashhad: Tāsūʿā, 1420 AH.
  • Ibn ʿUqda, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad. Faḍāil Amīr al-muʾminīn. Qom: Dalīl-i Mā, 1424 AH.
  • ʿIrfānmanish, Jalīl. Muhājirān-i Musawī. Tehran: Muʾassisa-yi Intishārāt-i Amīr Kabīr, 1391 Sh.
  • Khānmalik, Mīrzā Muḥammad. Baḥr al-ansāb wa majmaʿ al-aʿqāb. Mumbai: [n.p], 1335 AH.
  • Kulaynī, Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb al-. Al-Kāfī. Edited by Ghaffārī wa Ākhūndī. Fourth edition. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmīyya, 1407 AH.
  • Majlisī, Muḥammad Bāqir al-. Biḥār al-anwār. Second edition. Tehran: Islāmīyya, 1363 Sh.
  • Rajāʾī, Sayyid Mahdī al-. Al-Kawākib al-mashriqīyya. Qom: Maktabat Āyatullāh Marʿashī al-Najafī, 1380 Sh.
  • Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-. ʿUyūn akhbār al-Riḍā. Najaf: [n.p], 1390 AH.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥamamd b. al-Ḥasan al-. Al-Amālī. Qom: Dār al-Thiqāfa, 1414 AH.
  • Zarandī, Jamāl al-Dīn Muḥamamd b. Yūsuf al-. Maʿārij al-wuṣūl ilā maʿrifat Āl al-Rasūl wa l-Batūl. Qom: Majmaʿ Iḥyāʾ al-Thiqāfa al-Islāmīyya, 1383 Sh.