List of Prominent Figures of al-Ash'ari Family
Al-Ash'ari were a tribe from Yemen who were living in Kufa. A number of their members were Companions of Prophet Muhammad (s). Some hadith narrators and religious scholars in the second and third century after Hijra were from al-Ash'ari family. It is an honor for them that they converted to Islam before the Conquest of Mecca. They had fought alongside Ahl al-Bayt (a) in the battles and supported them greatly, including the Battle of Siffin and the Uprising of al-Mukhtar.
As Al-Hajjaj b. Yusuf al-Thaqafi treated al-Ash'ari family harshly and tried to prosecute them, they were forced to migrate from Kufa to Iran and they chose to live in Qom, where they expanded Shi'ism.
- Abu Musa al-Ash'ari; the companion of Prophet Muhammad (s).
- Malik b. 'Amir al-Ash'ari; the first Muslim in al-Ash'ari family.
- Sa'ib b. Malik al-Ash'ari; some believe he was a companion of Ahl al-Bayt (a) who lived in Kufa. He was killed by Mus'ab b. Zubayr in the rise of Mukhtar al-Thaqafi.
- Sa'd b. Malik al-Ash'ari; the ancestor of al-Ash'ari family settled in Qom.
- Ahwas b. Sa'd b. Malik al-Ash'ari; he was the first Ash'ari who migrated to Qom from Kufa.
- Adam b. 'Abd Allah b. Sa'd al-Ash'ari al-Qumi; he was regarded as companion of Imam al-Sadiq (a) by Al-Shaykh al-Tusi and al-Barqi.
- Zakariyya b. Adam al-Ash'ari; he was the companion of Imam al-Baqir (a), Imam al-Sadiq (a), Imam al-Rida (a) and Imam al-Jawad (a). He is buried in Sheykhan cemetery in Qom.
- Hamza b. Yasa' al-Ash'ari; he was a companion of Imam al-Sadiq (a) and Imam al-Kazim (a). Hamza made Qom an independent city departed from Isfahan. A village called Hamza Abad near Qom is named after him.
- Adam b. Ishaq b. Adam al-Ash'ari; he lived in the time of Imam al-Kazim (a), Imam al-Rida (a) and Imam al-Jawad (a). Al-Najashi regarded him as thiqa (reliable) in narration.
- Ahmad b. Ishaq al-Ash'ari; he was a companion of Imam al-Jawad (a) and Imam al-Hadi (a) and a special companion of Imam al-Hasan al-'Askari (a).
- Ahmad b. Muhammad b. 'Isa al-Ash'ari, who lived in the time of Imam al-Rida (a), Imam al-Jawad (a) and Imam al-Hadi (a). His representatives met Imam al-Rida (a). The significant action taken by him was to deport al-Barqi out of Qom because of narrating Al-Da'if (weak) hadiths [a hadith is da'if when it is not sahih (authentic), nor hasan (reliable).
- Abu l-Hasan 'Ali b. Isma'il al-Ash'ari (260/874-324/936); who was from al-Ash'ari tribe and founded Ash'arism.