Priority: c, Quality: b

Al-Khasf bi-l-Bayda'

From WikiShia
Jump to: navigation, search

Al-Khasf bi l-Baydāʾ (Arabic: الخَسف بالبَیداء) or Khasf al-Baydaʾ (Arabic: خَسف البیداء) is an incident in which the Earth will swallow the land, al-Bayda', that is, the collapse and defeat of the army of Sufyani in the land of al-Bayda', a desert between Mecca and Medina. In some hadiths, this incident is regarded as a decisive sign of the uprising of Imam al-Mahdi (a). This incident is supposed to occur after the Reappearance and before the uprising of Imam al-Mahdi (a).

Meaning and the Geographical Location

Main article: Al-Bayda'

The word, "khasf", is used to mean to be engulfed by or to be concealed,[1] and "al-Bayda'" is an arid desert between Mecca and Medina.[2] According to some sources, it is located a mile away from Dhu l-Hulayfa Mosque towards Mecca.[3]

A decisive sign of the uprising of Imam al-Mahdi (a) is said to be "Khasf al-Bayda'" or "al-Khasf bi l-Bayda'".[4] It points to the incident in which Sufyani sends a huge army to Mecca to combat Imam al-Mahdi (a), but they will be swallowed up by the Earth in a miraculous way in a place known as "al-Bayda'" between Mecca and Medina. This incident has been regarded as a sign of Imam al-Mahdi's (a) Reappearance and uprising in both Sunni[5] and Shiite hadiths some of which emphasize it as a decisive sign thereof.[6]

Details

There are no details in hadiths about how the army of Sufyani will be swallowed up by the Earth. Imam al-Baqir (a) said:

"Sufyani will send a group of people to Medina, and al-Mahdi (a) will move from there to Mecca. The commander of the army of Sufyani will be informed that al-Mahdi (a) has moved to Mecca. He sends an army to chase the Imam (a), but they will not be able find him. Al-Mahdi will enter Mecca with anxiety and fear, just like Moses (a). When the army of Sufyani enters the land of al-Bayda', a herald from the sky cries out: "O the desert! Destroy these people." The Earth will then swallow up the army of Sufyani, and they will all disappear except three."[7]

One survivor of the army, who is referred to in some hadiths as "Bashir", will go to the Imam (a) in Mecca and give him the good news of the disappearance of the army of Sufyani and a brief account of the incident.

Number of the Armed Forces

The number of people who will be present in the army of Sufyani and will be swallowed up by the Earth is said to be 12000,[8] 170000,[9] or 300,000.[10]

Time

The incident will occur after the Reappearance but before the uprising of Imam al-Mahdi (a). According to some hadiths, it will happen after the Reappearance, and according to others, it will occur after the allegiance of Imam al-Mahdi's (a) close companions with him. The incident is clearly mentioned in 'Abd al-Razzaq's al-Musannaf,[11] Musnad Ahmad,[12] Musnad Ibn Abi Shayba,[13] and some other sources.

Some people have estimated the incident to occur about one month after the Reappearance.

See Also

  • The Uprising of al-Sufyani
  • Signs of Reappearance of Imam al-Mahdi (a)

Notes

  1. Ibn Manẓūr, Lisān al-ʿarab, vol. 2, p. 254.
  2. Ḥamawī, Muʿjam al-buldān, vol. 1, p. 523.
  3. Hāshimī Shahrūdī, Faqhang-i fiqh, vol. 2, p. 160-161.
  4. Ṣadūq, Kamāl al-dīn, vol. 2, p. 678.
  5. Ṣanʿānī, al-Muṣannaf, vol. 11, p. 371.
  6. Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 8, p. 310; Ṣadūq, al-Khiṣāl, vol. 1, p. 303.
  7. Nuʿmānī, al-Ghayba, p. 279.
  8. Sulaymān, Rūzigār-i rahāyī, p. 317.
  9. Ibn Ṭāwūs, al-Malāḥim wa l-fitan, p. 136.
  10. Nahāwandī, al-ʿAqbarī l-ḥisān, p. 128.
  11. Ṣanʿānī, al-Muṣannaf, vol. 11, p. 371.
  12. Aḥmad b. Ḥanbal, Musnad, vol. 6, p. 316.
  13. Ibn Abī Shayba, al-Musannaf, vol. 15, p. 45.

References

  • Aḥmad b. Ḥanbal. Musnad. Cairo: Muʾassisat Qurṭuba, [n.d].
  • Ḥamawī, Yāqūt ʿAbd Allāh al-. Muʿjam al-buldān. Beirut: Dār al-Ṣādir, 1995.
  • Hāshimī Shahrūdī, Sayyid Maḥmūd. Faqhang-i fiqh muṭābiq bā madhhab-i Ahl al-Bayt. Qom: Muʾassisat Dāʾirat al-Maʿārif al-Islāmī, 1392 Sh.
  • Ibn Abī Shayba al-Kūfī. Al-Musannaf. Edited by Saʿīd al-Liḥām. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1409 AH.
  • Ibn Manẓūr, Muḥammad b. Mukarram. Lisān al-ʿarab. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, 1408 AH.
  • Ibn Ṭāwūs, ʿAlī b. Mūsā. Al-Malāḥim wa l-fitan. Fifth edition. Qom: Nashr al-Raḍī, 1978.
  • Kulaynī, Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb al-. Al-Kāfī. Edited by ʿAlī Akbar Ghaffārī. Third edition. Beirut: Dār al-Taʿāruf, 1401 AH.
  • Nahāwandī, ʿAlī Akbar. al-ʿAqbarī l-ḥisān fī aḥwāl mawlānā ṣāḥib al-zamān. Tehran: Intishārāt-i Dabistānī, [n.d].
  • Nuʿmānī, Muḥammad b. Ibrāhīm al-. Al-Ghayba. Edited by ʿAlī Akbar Ghaffārī. Tehran: Maktabat al-Ṣadūq, [n.d].
  • Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-. Al-Khiṣāl. Edited by ʿAlī Akbar Ghaffārī. Fifth edition. Qom: Daftar-i Intishārāt-i Islāmī, 1416 AH.
  • Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-. Kamāl al-dīn. Beirut: Aʿlamī, 1412 AH.
  • Ṣanʿānī, ʿAbd al-Razzāq al-. Al-Muṣannaf. Beirut: al-Majlis al-ʿIlmī
  • Sulaymān, Kāmil. Rūzigār-i rahāyī. Translated by Laṭīf Rāshidī. Tehran: Armaghān-i Ṭūbā, 1386 Sh.