Muhammad b. Ahmad al-Qattan al-Qummi
|Muhammad b. Ahmad al-Qattan al-Qummi|
|Full Name||Muhammad b. Ahmad al-Qattan al-Qummi|
|Companion of||Imam al-Hasan al-'Askari|
|Well Known As||al-Qattan and al-'Attar|
|Place of Birth||Qom|
|Place(s) of Residence||Qom • Baghdad|
|Activities||assistant of the first and second deputies of Imam al-Mahdi (a) during the Minor Occlusion|
Muḥammad b. Aḥmad b. Jaʿfar al-Qaṭṭān al-Qummī (Arabic: مُحَمَّد بن أَحمَد بن جَعفَر القَطّان القُمّی) was a prominent deputy and assistant of the 'Uthman b. Sa'id and Muhammad b. 'Uthman, the first and the second deputies of Imam al-Mahdi (a) during the Minor Occultation. According to al-Shaykh al-Tusi, he was a companion of Imam al-Hasan al-'Askari (a) and had also met Imam al-Hadi (a), and according to al-Shaykh al-Saduq, he also met Imam al-Mahdi (a).
In hadiths, he is known as "al-Qummi" which might point to where he was born and raised (that is, Qom). During the Minor Occultation, he resided in Baghdad. His title was "Qaṭṭān" (cotton seller) and also "ʿAṭṭār" (perfume seller) that refer to his occupation. His kunya was Abu Ja'far.
In the Presence of Three Imams
Al-Shaykh al-Tusi referred to him as a companion and deputy of Imam Hasan al-'Askari (a), adding that he had also met Imam al-Hadi (a). And al-Shaykh al-Saduq mentioned him among those deputies in Baghdad who managed to meet Imam al-Mahdi (a).
According to Rijal by al-Kashshi, there is a hadith from Ahmad b. Ibrhaim al-Maraghi about Muhammad b. Ahmad al-Qattan al-Qummi according to which: 'there is no third person closer than him to the origin, Sahib al-Nahiya (that is, Imam al-Mahdi (a))". This shows his closeness to Imam al-Mahdi (a).
As a Deputy
On some accounts, Muhammad b. Ahmad al-Qattan was one of the main deputies and a senior assistant of the first and second deputies in Baghdad, and sometimes Imam al-Mahdi (a) directly ordered him to go to him and deliver shari'a funds to him.
Since his title is "al-Qummi", it seems that the area of his deputy and activity was Qom, but given some evidence, after the Minor Occultation, he moved to Baghdad and worked as a senior assistant of the first and second deputies of Imam al-Mahdi (a), together with Ahmad b. Ishaq and Hajiz b. Yazid al-Washsha'. Al-Shaykh al-Saduq mentioned him among those deputies of Baghdad who managed to meet Imam al-Mahdi (a).
Muhammad b. Ahmad al-Qattan had a high rank in the organization of deputies, and worked as the deputy of Imam al-Mahdi's (a) deputy, and as al-Shaykh al-Mufid's account shows, his rank was so high that some Shi'as thought that he was the direct agent of Imam al-Mahdi (a).
Some reports imply that he was a medium for correspondences between Shiites and Imam al-Mahdi (a), and an envoy of some Letters of Imam al-Mahdi (a).
- The material for this article has been mainly taken from محمد بن احمد قطان قمی in Farsi WikiShia.