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'Ali b. Muhammad al-Samuri

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Companion of Imam (a)
'Ali b. Muhammad al-Samuri
مقبره علی بن محمد سمری.jpg
Tomb of Ali b. Muhammad al-Samuri located west of Baghdad, Iraq
Full Name Abu l-Hasan Ali b. Muhammad al-Samuri
Companion of Imam al-Hasan al-'Askari (a) and Imam al-Mahdi (a)
Teknonym Abu l-Hasan
Epithet al-Samuri, al-Saymari
Place(s) of Residence Baghdad
Death/Martyrdom Sha'ban 15, 329/May 15, 941
Burial Place Baghdad

Abu l-Ḥasan ʿAlī b. Muḥammad al-Samurī (Arabic: ابوالحَسَن عَلي بن محمد السَمُري) (d. 329/941 is the fourth and last of The Four Deputies of Imam al-Mahdi (a) serving for three years. He undertook the position after Husayn b. Ruh al-Nawbakhti. Major Occultation started after he passed away.

His correspondences with Imam al-Hasan al-'Askari (a) indicate that he was also a companion of this Imam (a). His deputyship was very short and no detailed reports are available about it. The pressure from the government was so severe that did not allow him to fulfill his mission in the Wikala network. The letter of Imam al-Mahdi (a) to Ali b. Muhammad that predicted his death and the beginning of Major Occultation is among the important events during his deputyship following which the Shi'a lost contact with Imam al-Mahdi (a) and the Major Occultation started.