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Vigil

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Iḥyaʾ (Arabic:احیاء) or vigil is one of the significant worship traditions among Muslims.

According to most of the exegetes, as it appears from Sura al-Muzzammil, keeping vigil to perform night prayers was an obligation upon all Muslims for about one year; and Muslims as well as the Holy Prophet (s) carried out this obligation; However, after nearly a year, and according to the verse number 21 of the same sura, Allah substituted it for tahajjud which is obligatory only for the Holy Prophet (s).[1]

Times

Vigil, as a specific term, denotes keeping vigil at special nights during the year; the most important of which is the Night of al-Qadr (the nights of 19th, 21st, and 23rd in the Month of Ramadan).[2] Also according to one narration, Imam 'Ali (a) has recommended the vigil during four nights: the first night of Rajab, the night at the middle of the month of Sha'ban, and the nights of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha.[3]

It has been narrated from the Prophet Muhammad (s) that: whoever keeps vigil on the nights of the two Eids, his heart shall not die on the day all hearts die (on the Day of Judgment). There is a narration indicating a similar reward for the vigil during the eve of Sha'ban 15th as well.[4]

See Also

Notes

  1. Ṭabāṭabāʾī, al-Mīzān, vol. 20, p. 77; Ṭabrisī, Majmaʿ al-bayān, vol. 10, p. 161.
  2. Dihkhudā, Lughatnāmah, vol. 9, p. 14109.
  3. Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, Wasāʾil al-Shīʿa, vol. 7, p. 478.
  4. Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, Wasāʾil al-Shīʿa, vol. 7, p. 478.

References

  • Dihkhudā, ʿAlī Akbar. Lughatnāmah. Second edition. Tehran: Muʾassisah-yi Lughatnāmah-yi Dihkhudā, 1377 Sh.
  • Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Wasāʾil al-Shīʿa. Qom: Muʾassisat Āl al-Bayt li-Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth, 1414 AH.
  • Ṭabāṭabāʾī, Sayyid Muḥammad Ḥusayn al-. Al-Mīzān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Beirut: Muʾassisat al-Aʿlamī li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1417 AH.
  • Ṭabrisī, Faḍl b. al-Ḥasan al-. Majmaʿ al-bayān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Beirut: Muʾassisat al-Aʿlamī li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1415 AH.