Shuhada' al-fadila (book)
|Author||Abd al-Husayn Amini|
|Original title||شُهَداءُ الفَضیلَة|
|Subject||Biography of 130 Shiite martyred scholars|
Shuhadā' al-faḍīla' (Arabic: شُهَداء الفَضیلة), lit. martyrs of the virtue) is a book by 'Allama Amini involving the biographies of 130 martyred scholars and the way they were martyred.
- Main article: 'Abd al-Husayn Amini
'Allama Amini (d. Rabi' II 28, 1390/ July 3, 1970) was a faqih, muhaddith, a theologian, a historian, an expert of manuscripts, and a great Shiite scholar in the 14th/20th century. In addition to writing significant scholarly works, he founded the Library of Amir al-Mu'minin (a) in Najaf in which 70,000 manuscripts are kept.
The book contains the biographies of 130 scholars who were martyred in the path of Islamic principles and social virtues, or were martyred for having such positions. A great number of people mentioned in the book are those who were martyred because of their Shiism and their belief in the wilaya of Imam Ali (a) and his family.
Amini has mentioned martyred Shiite scholars from the 4th/10th century onwards without mentioning scholars in the early three centuries, because their biographies are provided in many books and encyclopedias. Under a section called "Dhayl" (appendix), the author has provided biographies of some well-known martyred Shi'as who were prominent figures, though they were not known as scholars.
Reactions to the Book
Shuhada' al-fadila was first published in Najaf in 1355/1936. Many great scholars wrote acknowledgments to encourage its then young author, referring to him as "'Allama" (a title which means a person who knows a lot). Here are some such scholars:
- Sayyid Abu l-Hasan Isfahani (a Shiite marja', d. 1365/1946)
- Sayyid Husayn Tabataba'i Qummi (a fighting marja', d. 1366/1946)
- Shaykh Muhammad Husayn Kumpani Isfahani (a faqih and philosopher, d. 1361/1942)
- Aqa Buzurg Tihrani (d. 1389/1970)
- Mirza Muhammad 'Ali Urdubadi (d. 1380/1960)
- Ḥakīmī, Ḥamāsa-yi ghadīr, p. 326.
- Ḥakīmī, Ḥamāsa-yi ghadīr, p. 326-327.
- Ḥakīmī, Muḥammad Riḍā. Ḥamāsa-yi ghadīr. Qom: Dalīl-i Mā, 1389 Sh.