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Ibn Shahrashub

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Ibn Shahrashubhttp://en.wikishia.net
Personal Information
Full Name Muhammad b. 'Ali b. Shahrashub
Teknonym Abu 'Abd Allah
Epithet Rashid al-Din, 'Izz al-Din
Well-Known As Ibn Shahrashub
Religious Affiliation Twelver Shi'a
Birth 488/1095 or 489/1096
Place of Birth Sari
Residence Baghdad, Hillah, Aleppo
Death Sha'ban 22, 588/September 9, 1192
Burial Place Aleppo
Scholarly Information
Professors Al-Fattal al-Nayshaburi, Al-Shaykh al-Tabrisi, ...
Students Ibn Zuhra, Yahya b. Bitriq, ...
Works 'Mutashabih al-Qur'an wa mukhtalifuh, Manaqib Al Abi Talib, Ma'alim al-'ulama', ...

Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad b. ʿAlī b. Shahrāshūb al-Sarawī al-Māzandarānī (Arabic: ابو عبدالله محمّد بن علي ابن شهراشوب السَرَوي المازندراني) (b. 488/1095 - d. 588/1192) known as Ibn Shahrāshūb (Arabic: إبن شهرآشوب) and nicknamed as "Rashid al-Din" and "'Izz al-Din" was among Shi'a scholars in jurisprudence and hadith living in 6th/12th century. He wrote many works such as al-Manaqib and Ma'alim al-'ulama'.

Birth and Origin

Ibn Sharashub was born in 488/1095 or 489/1096.[1] Some believe that he was originally from "Sari", Mazandaran province, north of Iran.[2] However, some have said that he was born in Baghdad.[3]

Travels

It is recorded that he argued with the ruler of Mazandaran and moved to Baghdad[4] and began teaching and preaching there and became so popular that the caliph of his time gifted precious clothes to him.[5]

After a period of staying in Baghdad, he moved to Hillah in 567/1172 and began teaching there.[6] Ibn Idris al-Hilli and Ibn Bitriq learned hadiths from him while accompanying him in his travel to Hillah.

In 573/1178, Ibn Shahrashub went to Aleppo which was the refuge of Shi'a and Hamdanids. He stayed there until the end of his life.[7]

Teachers

Manaqib Al Abi Talib written by Ibn Shahrshub

Students

  • Al-Sayyid Muhammad b. Zuhra al-Halabi, known as Ibn Zuhra
  • Shaykh al-Din Abu l-Hasan 'Ali b. Sha'ra al-Hilli
  • Yahya b. Bitriq
  • Tarij al-Din al-Darbi
  • Al-Shaykh Yahya al-Surawi
  • Yahya b. Abi al-Halabi
  • Al-Sayyid Kamal al-Din Haydar al-Husayni[9]

Works

In Scholars' Quotations

An old photo of Jabal al-Jawshan, the burial place of Ibn Shahrashub in Aleppo, 1962

About Ibn Shahrashub, al-Shaykh al-Hurr al-'Amili wrote, "he was a reliable scholar in hadith, rijal and literature, a poet and a collection of all good attributes."[11]

About him, Mirza Husayn Nuri says, "[He is] the honor of Shi'a, crown of religion, best of pioneers and a stormy deep sea with no bottom, the reviver of the works of virtue and merit, fruit of the nation and the religion, sun of Islam and Muslims, Ibn Shahrashub, the jurist, hadith scholar, researcher, …"[12]

Tafrishi wrote, "Muhammad b. 'Ali b. Shahrashub, the leader of Shi'a and their jurist, was an eloquent poet and a writer."[13]

Salah al-Din al-Safdi, a Sunni scholar, wrote, "Muhammad b. 'Ali b. Shahrashub …is one of the noble men of Shi'a. He memorized the Qur'an at the age of eight and reached the ultimate degree of knowledge in Usul. When al-Muqtafi, the Abbasid caliph was in Baghdad, Ibn Shahrashub excelled others in Quranic sciences, difficult issues of hadith studies, lexical knowledge, language syntax and giving speech on the pulpit."[14]

Demise

Ibn Shahrashub passed away in Aleppo in the eve of Friday 22nd of Sha'ban 588/9th of September 1192 and was buried on the top of the mountain called Jabal al-Jawshan.[15] Shi'a of Aleppo believe that it is the burial place of Muhsin al-Siqt, son of Imam al-Husayn (a) (Mashhad al-Siqt).

Notes

  1. Mudarris Tabrīzī, Rayḥānat al-adab, vol. 8, p. 58.
  2. Dāʾirat al-maʿārif tashayyuʿ, vol. 1, p. 337.
  3. Ibn Shahrāshūb, Maʿālim al-ʿulamā, introduction of the book.
  4. Dāʾirat al-Maʿārif Buzurg-i Islāmī, vol. 4, p. 90.
  5. Mudarris Tabrīzī, Rayḥānat al-adab, vol. 8, p. 59.
  6. Hilālī, Kitāb Sulaym b. Qays, p. 63.
  7. Dawānī, Mafākhir Islām, introduction of Maʿālim al-ʿulamā.
  8. Qummī, al-Fawāʾid al-raḍawīyya, vol. 2, p. 712.
  9. Qummī, al-Fawāʾid al-raḍawīyya, vol. 2, p. 712.
  10. Mudarris Tabrīzī, Rayḥānat al-adab, vol. 8, p. 59.
  11. Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, ʾAmal al-āmil, vol. 2, p. 285.
  12. Nūrī, Khātima al-mustadrak al-wasāʾil, vol. 3, p. 56-57.
  13. Tafrishī, Naqd al-rijāl, vol. 4, p. 276.
  14. Ṣadr, Taʾsīs al-Shīʿa li-ʿulūm al-Islām, p. 272.
  15. Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 1, p. 82.

References

  • Amīn, al-Sayyid Muḥsin al-. Aʿyān al-Shīʿa. Edited by Ḥasan Amīn. Beirut: Dār al-Taʿāruf li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, [n.d].
  • Hilālī, Sulaym b. Qays. Kitāb Sulaym b. Qays. Qom: Hādī, 1405 AH.
  • Hilālī, Sulaym b. Qays. Kitāb Sulaym b. Qays. Beirut: Muʾassisa al-Aʿlamī li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, [n.d].
  • Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. ʾAmal al-āmil. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Ibn Shahrāshūb, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī. Maʿālim al-ʿulamā. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Ibn Shahrāshūb, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī. Maʿālim al-ʿulamā. Qom: Āl-i al-Bayt, 1418 AH.
  • Mudarris Tabrīzī, Muḥammad ʿAlī. Rayḥānat al-adab fī tarājum al-maʿrūfīn bi-l-kunya wa al-laqab. Qom: Khayyām, 1374 Sh.
  • Nūrī, Ḥusayn b. Muḥammad Taqī. Khātima al-mustadrak al-wasāʾil. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Qummī, Shaykh ʿAbbās. Al-Fawāʾid al-raḍawīyya. Qom: Nashr-i Nawīd-i Islām, 1387 Sh.
  • Ṣadr, Sayyid Ḥasan al-. Taʾsīs al-Shīʿa li-ʿulūm al-Islām. Tehran: Muʾassisa al-Aʿlamī, 1369 Sh.
  • Tafrishī, Muṣṭafā b. Ḥusayn al-. Naqd al-rijāl. Qom: Muʾassisat Āl al-Bayt, 1418 AH.