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Al-Hadi al-'Abbasi

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Al-Hadi al-'Abbasi
4th 'Abbasid Caliph
Personal Information
Name Musa b. Mahdi b. Mansur
Teknonym Abu Ja'far or Abu Muhammad
Epithet al-Hadi al-'Abbasi
Birth 145/762
Death 170/786
Father Al-Mahdi al-'Abbasi
Children Ja'far
Rule
Dynasty Abbasids
Reign 14 months
Contemporary with Imam al-Kazim (a)
Activities Suppression of the Uprising of Fakhkh
Predecessor al-Mahdi al-'Abbasi
Successor Harun al-Rashid

Mūsā b. Mahdi b. Manṣūr titled as al-Hādi al-'Abbāsi (b. 145/762 - d. 170/786) was the fourth Abbasid caliph. Al-Hadi al-'Abbasi ruled about 14 months. During his rule, 'Alids were under surveillance and their allowances were cut. During the rule of al-Hadi al-'Abbasi, Sahib Fakhkh made an uprising in Medina which was suppressed by him. He considered Imam al-Kazim (a) the main cause of provoking 'Alids in the Uprising of Fakhkh; and thus, he decided to kill Imam al-Kazim (a), but he died before committing that.

Al-Hadi al-'Abbasi wanted to appoint his small son (Ja'far) as the crown prince instead of Harun al-Rashid, but he could not. He followed the policy of his father, al-Mahdi al-'Abbasi in standing against Zindiqs (non believers) and killed many of them. After him, his brother Harun al-Rashid acceded to caliphate.

Life

Musa b. Mahdi b. Mansur b. Muhammad b. Ali b. 'Abbas titled as al-Hadi was the fourth 'Abbasid caliph. His teknonym (kunya) was Abu Ja'far