Wajib: Daily prayers • Friday prayer • Eid prayer • al-Ayat prayer • Funeral Prayer
Fajr prayer is a wajib prayer, that is two rak'as and is performed between the rise of fajr and the sunrise. The most meritorious time for performing fajr prayer begins from al-fajr al-sadiq (true dawn, adhan al-subh) and ends by the appearance of a redness on the east of the sky. Like other daily prayers, salat al-fajr has nafila, which is two rak'as, performed before salat al-fajr. The time for nafilat al-fajr begins from al-fajr al-kadhib (false dawn) and ends when as much as praying two rak'as have remained to the appearance of the redness on the east of the sky.
The Holy Qur'an says that salat al-fajr is witnessed by angels: "Maintain the prayer from the sun's decline till the darkness of the night, and [observe particularly] the dawn recital. Indeed, the dawn recital is attended [by angels]". (Qur'an 17: 78) Explaining this verse, many hadiths mention that salat al-fajr is witnessed by the day angels as well as the night angels. The prophet of Islam (s) is quoted: "Among the prayers, fajr prayer has this characteristic that the angels of night and the angels of day see it; as fajr prayer, if performed in its early time, is at the time when the angels of night switch with the angels of day [thus] both kinds of angels will be witness to that".
It is compulsory for men to recite the qira'a (recitation) of salat al-fajr in jahr (audible way). While, women are allowed to recite that in jahr or ikhfat (audible or inaudible); however, if a non-mahram hear their voice, according to compulsory precaution, they must recite it inaudibly.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from نماز صبح in Farsi WikiShia.