- See also: Fajr
Fajr prayer is a wajib prayer, that is two rak'as and is performed between the rise of fajr and the sunrise. The most meritorious time for performing fajr prayer begins from al-fajr al-sadiq (true dawn) and ends by the appearance of a redness on the eastern sky. Like other daily prayers, salat al-fajr has nafila, which is two rak'as, performed before salat al-fajr. The time for nafilat al-fajr begins from al-fajr al-kadhib (false dawn) and ends when as much as praying two rak'as have remained to the appearance of the redness on the eastern sky.
The Qur'an says that salat al-fajr is witnessed by angels: "Maintain the prayer from the sun's decline till the darkness of the night, and [observe particularly] the dawn recital. Indeed, the dawn recital is attended [by angels]". (Qur'an 17: 78) Explaining this verse, many hadiths mention that salat al-fajr is witnessed by the day angels as well as the night angels. Prophet Muhammad (s) is quoted as saying: "Among the prayers, fajr prayer has this characteristic that the angels of night and the angels of day observe it; as fajr prayer, if performed in its early time, is at the time when the angels of night switch with the angels of day [thus] both groups of angels will be witness to that".
It is compulsory for men to perform the qira'a (recitation) of salat al-fajr in jahr (loudly). While women are allowed to recite that in jahr or ikhfat (quietly), if a non-mahram hear their voice, they must recite it quietly which is according to compulsory precaution .
- The material for this article is mainly taken from نماز صبح in Farsi WikiShia.