|Author||Al-Sayyid Hashim al-Bahrani|
|Original title||الاِنْصاف فِی النّص عَلی الْائمّة الاثْنی عَشَر علیهمالسلام|
|Subject||Narrations on Twelver Shi'a's Imams (a)|
|Published||1378 Sh./1999-2000, Tehran|
|Publisher||Daftar-i Nashr-i Farhang-i Islami|
Al-Inṣāf fī l-naṣ alā l-Aʾimma al-Ithnā Ashar (Arabic: الاِنْصاف فِی النّص عَلی الْائمّة الاثْنی عَشَر علیهمالسلام) is a book in Arabic written by Al-Sayyid Hashim al-Tubili al-Bahrani, a hadith scholar. It is a collection of narrations and texts on Twelver Shi'a's Imams (a). This book includes 320 hadiths gathered from different Sunni and Shi'ite sources on Twelver Shi'a Imam (a).
Al-Sayyid Hashim al-Tubili al-Bahrani known as Allama al-Bahrani was a faqih (Jurist), hadith scholar and exegete in the eleventh/seventeenth century, from Bahrain. He had the religious and social authority of the Bahrani people. He also authored al-Burhan fi tafsir al-Qur'an. The author of Wasa'il al-Shi'a, al-Hurr al-Amili, was one of al-Bahrani's students. Al-Bahrani passed away in 1107/1695-6 or 1109/1697-8. He is buried in the famous Matini cemetery in Tubili, Bahrain.
Style and Structure
Al-Bahrani only narrated hadiths from other sources and he did not add any comment on them like his other works. Al-Insaf fi l-nas ala al-A'imma al-Ithna Ashar is only a collection of hadiths with no analysis or review.
The hadiths collected in this book are organized alphabetically; the hadiths of each narrator are cited below the first alphabet of their names. Also, a part is added to the book with the names of hadith narrators without alphabetical order. Then there is a part in which narrations opposing Twelver Shi'a Imams (a) are stated.
In the last part of the book, al-Bahrani responded to the raised questions and evaluations of those who disagreed with a number of hadiths cited in the book.
Translation and Publication
Al-Insaf fi l-nas ala al-A'imma al-Ithna Ashar was translated by al-Sayyid Hashim Rasuli al-Mahallati. It is published by the Office of Islamic Culture Publication.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from الانصاف فی النص علی الائمة الاثنی عشر in Farsi WikiShia.