Al-Mazar al-kabir (book)

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For other books with the title "al-Mazar", see Al-Mazar (disambiguation).
Al-Mazār al-kabīr
Author Muhammad b. Ja'far al-Mashhadi
Original title اَلمَزار الکَبير
Language Arabic
Series 1 volume
Subject Ziyara
Genre Narrative
Published 1378 SH/1999

Al-Mazār al-kabīr (Arabic: اَلمَزار الکَبير) is an Arabic book written by Muhammad b. Ja'far al-Mashhadi (d. 610/1213-1214) and includes various ziyarah texts which are recited in Holy shrine of Imams (a). Al-Mazar is divided into eight sections and each section into chapters. This work is one of the oldest Muslim sources about ziyarah texts, rituals and prayers related to the holy places and some lunar months. Many great Shi'a scholars have relied on this book and have quoted its narrations, ziyara texts, rites and prayers in their books.

The Author

Abu 'Abd Allah Muhammad b. Ja'far b. 'Ali al-Mashhadi al-Ha'iri, known as Muhammad b. al-Mashhadi is one of the most honorable Shi'a scholars, whose book, al-Mazar al-kabir has been relied upon by Shi'a scholars and has been referred to in their works. In spite of little information available about his characteristics and life, al-Mashhadi is counted among the grand Hadith masters whose name is seen in many narration certificates (ijaza). He lived in the 6th/12th century.[1]

Purpose of Writing

In the introduction of the book, the author writes: "I have written this book at the request of a person named Abu l-Qasim Hibat Allah b. Salman. Ziyarah texts and rites of Kufa mosque, rites of the months of Rajab, Sha'ban and Ramadan, the prayers of these months, specific rites for each day and night, prayers of days of the week, special prayers after the daily prayers and some other prayers are mentioned in the book." In some cases, the author mentions his chain of narrators through which he is narrating a ziyarah texts or a prayer from a Imam (a).[2]

The Structure of the Book

The book consists of eight sections and each section is divided into several chapters:

There is a detailed index at the end of the book.[3]


Al-Mazar is one of the oldest books that great scholars such as Sayyid b. Tawus in Misbah al-za'ir, 'Abd al-Karim b. Tawus in Farhat al-ghara, al-'Allama al-Majlisi in Bihar al-anwar and others have trusted. Al-'Allama al-Majlisi has said the book was titled as "al-Mazar al-kabir" and has added that "from its narrations, I realize that it is a reliable book."[4]

Manuscripts and Printing


  1. Ibn al-Mashhadī, al-Mazār al-kabīr, Introduction.
  2. Ibn al-Mashhadī, al-Mazār al-kabīr, p. 18.
  3. Ibn al-Mashhadī, al-Mazār al-kabīr, Index.
  4. Ibn al-Mashhadī, al-Mazār al-kabīr, p. 18.
  5. Tihrānī, al-Dharīʿa ilā taṣānīf al-shīʿa, vol. 20, p. 324.
  6. Barrasī kitāb al-Mazār al-kabīr Ibn al-Mashhadī.


  • Āgā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, Muḥammad Muḥsin. Al-Dharīʿa ilā taṣānīf al-shīʿa. Beirut: Dār al-Aḍwāʾ, [n.d].
  • Amīn, al-Sayyid Muḥsin al-. Aʿyān al-Shīʿa. Beirut: Dār al-Taʿāruf li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1403 AH.
  • Ibn al-Mashhadī, Muḥammad. Al-Mazār al-kabīr. Edited by Jawād Qayyūmī al-Iṣfahānī. Qom: Qayyūm, 1419 AH.
  • Ibn al-Mashhadī, Muḥammad. Al-Mazār al-kabīr. Edited by Jawād Qayyūmī al-Iṣfahānī. Qom: Muʾassisa al-Nashr al-Islāmī, 1378 AH.
  • Qummī, Shaykh ʿAbbās. Al-Kunā wa l-alqāb. Tehran: Maktabat al-Ṣadr, [n.d].
  • Shahīd al-Awwal, Muḥammad b. Makkī. Al-Mazār. Edited by Muḥammad Bāqir Muwaḥḥid Abṭahī Isfahānī. Qom: Muʾassisa Imām Mahdī, 1410 AH.