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Al-Ziyara al-Rajabiyya

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This article is an introduction to the al-Ziyara al-Rajabiyya; to read its text see text:al-Ziyara al-Rajabiyya.

Al-Ziyāra al-Rajabiyya (Arabic: الزیارة الرجبیة) is one of Shia famous ziyara-texts (salutation text) recommended to be recited in the month of Rajab in religious sites. According to al-Shaykh al-Tusi, this ziyara-text was issued by Imam al-Mahdi (a).

In ziyara-texts for Imam al-Husayn (a), there is a ziyara also called al-Ziyara al-Rajabiyya which is different than this ziyara.

References

The oldest reference which has mentioned this ziyara is Misbah al-mutahajjid written by al-Shaykh al-Tusi (d. 460/1067)[1] and after it, al-Mazar al-kabir written by Ibn al-Mashhadi (d. 610/1213-14).[2] Other references quoted from these two books, some of which are: al-Sayyid b. Tawus's Iqbal al-a'mal,[3] al-Majlisi's Bihar al-anwar[4] and Muhaddith Qummi's Mafatih al-jinan.[5]

Chain of Narration

The chain of narration of this ziyara reaches Al-Husayn b. Ruh, a special deputy of Imam al-Mahdi (a). Al-Shaykh al-Tusi wrote, "Ibn 'Ayyash transmitted it from Khayyir b. 'Abd Allah and he transmitted it from Husayn b. Ruh …"[6] In the chain of narration for this supplication, Ibn al-Mashhadi has mentioned these three people.[7] Other books of hadith and supplication have mentioned the original sources and their chains of narration.

Commentaries

Since this ziyara is important regarding the chain of narration and messages, some great scholars have written commentaries on it such as:

  • Sharh Ziyarah Rajab by Qadi b. Kashif al-Din Muhammad Ardakani Yazdi (d. 1075/1664-65)
  • Allama Majlisi has interpreted some parts of this ziyarah in Bihar al-anwar.
  • Sharh Ziyarah Rajabiyya written by Mirza Muhammad b. Muhammad Rida Sanabadi Mashhadi (11th/17th and 12th/18th centuries).
  • Sharh Du'ay-i Rajab written by Hamid b. Muhammad Husayn Musawi.
  • Tarjuma 'Adim al-adab fi du'a shahr Rajab written by 'Abd Ali (alive in 1271/1854)
  • Sharh Ziyarah Rajabiyya written by Muhammad b. Muqim Barfurushi (d. 1281/1864-65)
  • Rajabiyya written by Muhammad Mahdi Qazwini (d. 1129/1717)
  • Sharh Du'ay-i Rajabiyya written by Muhammad Karim Khan b. Ibrahim Kirmani Shaykhi (d. 1288/1871)
  • Al-Risala al-Rajabiyya written by [[Muhammad b. Husayn Tunkabuni (d. 1302/1885)
  • Sharh Du'ay-i Rajabiyya written by Muhammad Baqir b. Muhammad Ja'far b. Hamadani (d. 1333/1915)
  • Ziyara Rajabiyya written by an unknown author.
  • Sharh Du'a' al-Rajab written by an unknown author.[8]

Rewards for Reciting the Ziyara and Its Recommendation

Al-Shaykh al-Tusi said, "Visit religious sites in Rajab and recite this supplication upon entrance."[9] Ibn al-Mashhadi wrote, "it is recommended to recite this supplication when visiting the holy shrine of Imam Ali (a) on the eve of Mab'ath or upon visiting other Imams (a) in the month of Rajab."[10]


Notes

  1. Ṭūsī, Miṣbāḥ al-mutahajjid, p. 821.
  2. Ibn al-Mashhadī, al-Mazār al-kabīr, p. 203.
  3. Ibn Ṭāwūs, al-Iqbāl bi-l-aʿmāl al-ḥasana, vol. 3, p. 183.
  4. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 99, p. 195.
  5. Qummī, Mafātīḥ al-jinān, p. 137.
  6. Ṭūsī, Miṣbāḥ al-mutahajjid, p. 821.
  7. Ibn al-Mashhadī, al-Mazār al-kabīr, p. 203.
  8. Aḥmadī Julfāʾī, Sharḥ ziyārat rajabiyya, 1389.
  9. Ṭūsī, Miṣbāḥ al-mutahajjid, p. 821.
  10. Ibn al-Mashhadī, al-Mazār al-kabīr, p. 203.

References

  • Aḥmadī Julfāʾī, Ḥamīd. Sharḥ ziyārat rajabiyya-Muḥamamd b. Muqīm Bārfurūshī Māzandarānī. Mīrāth-i Ḥadīth-i Shīʿa, 1389 Sh. No 21.
  • Ibn Ṭāwūs, ʿAlī b. Mūsā. Al-Iqbāl bi-l-aʿmāl al-ḥasana. Qom: Maktab al-Aʿlām al-Islāmī, 1416 AH.
  • Ibn al-Mashhadī, al-Mazār al-kabīr. Edited by Jawād Qayyūmī al-Iṣfahānī. Qom: Qayyūm, 1419 AH.
  • Majlisī, Muḥammad Bāqir al-. Biḥār al-anwār. Beirut: Muʾassisat al-Wafāʾ, 1403 AH.
  • Qummī, Abbās. Mafātīḥ al-jinān. Qom: Uswa, [n.d].
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥamamd b. al-Ḥasan al-. Miṣbāḥ al-mutahajjid wa silāḥ al-mutaʿabbid. Beirut: Muʾassisat Fiqh al-Shīʿa, 1411 AH.