Permission for Entrance

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Permission for entrance

Permission for entrance or Idhn al-dukhūl (Arabic: إِذن الدخول) refers to asking for permission. It is among the manners of association and manners of visiting the graves of religious figures, especially the infallible Ones (a).

Manners of Association

Idhn dukhul referring to request for permission for entering one's estate is among the manners of association. In Qur'an 24, entering others' houses without their permissions is prohibited.[1] It is said that when angel Jabra'il (Gabriel) wanted to meet the Prophet (s), he had to stay at the door of the Prophet's (s) house and ask his permission to enter. Some consider Bab al-Jibra'il in Masjid al-Nabi, the place angel Gabriel stayed and asked the Prophet's (s) permission to enter his house.

Manners of Ziyara

Shi'a consider Idhn dukhul among the manners of ziyara. Upon entering the shrines of great figures in religion, especially the Infallible Ones (a), they recite a supplication which is known as Idhn dukhul. According to these supplications, the Infallible Ones (a) see the pilgrims and their actions.[2] In the books of supplications and ziyara, some manners are mentioned for ziyara of the Infallible Ones (a), one of which is reciting Idhn dukhul. In this regard, Shaykh 'Abbas Qummi has quoted some supplications from al-Kaf'ami[3] and al-Majlisi[4] in Mafatih al-jinan.[5]

Text of Idhn Dukhul

In texts titled as Idhn dukhul, the pilgrim asks God, the Prophet (s), Imams (a), angels close to God and the one in the grave for the permission to enter (his shrine). Usually, the text for Idhn dukhul is installed or inscribed at the entrance of the shrines and visitors enter after reciting it.

See Also


  1. Qurʾān, 24:26-28.
  2. Kafʿamī, al-Miṣbāḥ, p. 472-473.
  3. Kafʿamī, al-Miṣbāḥ, p. 472-473.
  4. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 97, p. 371.
  5. Qummī, Mafātīḥ al-jinān, p. 465-467.


  • Kafʿamī, Ibrāhīm b. ʿAlī al-. Al-Miṣbāḥ. Qom: Dār al-Raḍī, 1405 AH.
  • Majlisī, Muḥammad Bāqir al-. Biḥār al-anwār. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, 1403 AH.
  • Qummī, Shaykh ʿAbbās. Mafātīḥ al-jinān. Qom: Muʾassisa-yi Anṣārīyān, 1385 Sh.